Efficient fpga implementation of image enhancement using video streams

Download
2010
Günay, Hazan
This thesis is composed of three main parts; displaying an analog composite video input by via converting to digital VGA format, license plate localization on a video image and image enhancement on FPGA. Analog composite video input, either PAL or NTSC is decoded on a video decoder board; then on FPGA, video data is converted from 4:2:2 YCbCr format to RGB. To display RGB data on the screen, line doubling de-interlacing algorithm is used since it is efficient considering computational complexity and timing. When taking timing efficiency into account, image enhancement is applied only to beneficial part of the image. In this thesis work, beneficial part of the image is considered as numbered plates. Before image enhancement process, the location of the plate on the image must be found. In order to find the location of plate, a successful method, edge finding is used. It is based on the idea that the plate is found on the rows, where the brightness variation is largest. Because of its fast execution, band-pass filtering with finite response (FIR) is used for highlighting the high contrast areas. Image enhancement with rank order filter method is chosen to remove the noise on the image. Median filter, a rank order filter, is designed and simulated. To improve image quality while reducing the process time, the filter is applied only to the part of the image where the plate is. Design and simulation is done using hardware design language VHDL. Implementations of the chosen approaches are done on MATLAB and Xilinx Virtex-2 Pro FPGA. Improvement of the implementation considering speed and area is evaluated.

Suggestions

Investigation of the significance of periodicity information in speaker identification
Gürsoy, Seçil; Çiloğlu, Tolga; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2008)
In this thesis; general feature selection methods and especially the use of periodicity and aperiodicity information in speaker verification task is searched. A software system is constructed to obtain periodicity and aperiodicity information from speech. Periodicity and aperiodicity information is obtained by using a 16 channel filterbank and analyzing channel outputs frame by frame according to the pitch of that frame. Pitch value of a frame is also found by using periodicity algorithms. Parzen window (ke...
Parameter extraction and image enhancement for catadioptric omnidirectional cameras
Baştanlar, Yalın; Çetin, Yasemin; Department of Information Systems (2005)
In this thesis, catadioptric omnidirectional imaging systems are analyzed in detail. Omnidirectional image (ODI) formation characteristics of different camera-mirror configurations are examined and geometrical relations for panoramic and perspective image generation with common mirror types are summarized. A method is developed to determine the unknown parameters of a hyperboloidal-mirrored system using the world coordinates of a set of points and their corresponding image points on the ODI. A linear relati...
Control law partitioning applied to beam and ball system
Koçak, Elif; Kocaoğlan, Erol; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2008)
In this thesis different control methods are applied to the beam and ball system. Test setup for the previous thesis is handled, circuit assemblies and hardware redesigned. As the system is controlled by the control law partitioning method by a computer, discrete time system model is created. The controllability and the observability of the system are analyzed and a nonlinear controller by using control law partitioning in other words computed torque is designed. State feedback control algorithm previously ...
Electromagnetic compatibility of electric power quality monitor according to EN 61326 standard
Yaman, Özgür; Ermiş, Muammer; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
In this thesis; Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) of Electric Power Quality Monitor developed within the scope of National Power Quality Project has been investigated according to EN 61326 standard. Both immunity and emission tests have been carried out in EMC laboratories of ELDAS and ASELSAN for the device under test. Necessary counter measures such as using electromagnetic interference (EMI) filters and transient voltage suppressors, shielding the case of device with EMI protective materials have been ...
Quantization based data hiding strategies with visual applications
Esen, Ersin; Alatan, Abdullah Aydın; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2010)
The first explored area in this thesis is the proposed data hiding method, TCQ-IS. The method is based on Trellis Coded Quantization (TCQ), whose initial state selection is arbitrary. TCQ-IS exploits this fact to hide data. It is a practical multi-dimensional that eliminates the prohibitive task of designing high dimensional quantizers. The strength and weaknesses of the method are stated by various experiments. The second contribution is the proposed data hiding method, Forbidden Zone Data Hiding (FZDH), w...
Citation Formats
H. Günay, “Efficient fpga implementation of image enhancement using video streams,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.