Dynamic characteristics and performance assessment of reinforced concrete structural walls

Kazaz, İlker
The analytical tools used in displacement based design and assessment procedures require accurate strain limits to define the performance levels. Additionally, recently proposed changes to modeling and acceptance criteria in seismic regulations for both flexure and shear dominated reinforced concrete structural walls proves that a comprehensive study is required for improved limit state definitions and their corresponding values. This is due to limitations in the experimental setups, such that most previous tests used a single actuator at the top of the wall, which does not reflect the actual loading condition, and infeasibility of performing tests of walls of actual size in actual structural configuration. This study utilizes a well calibrated finite element modeling tool to investigate the relationship between the global drift, section rotation and curvature, and local concrete and steel strains at the extreme fiber of rectangular structural walls. Functions defining more exact limits of modeling parameters and acceptance criteria for rectangular reinforced concrete walls were developed. This way a strict evaluation of the requirements embedded in the Turkish Seismic Code and other design guidelines has become possible. Several other aspects of performance evaluation of structural walls were studied also. Accurate finite element modeling strategies and analytical models of wall and frame-wall systems were developed for seismic response calculations. The models are able to calculate both the static and dynamic characteristics of wall type buildings efficiently. Seismic responses of wall type buildings characterized with increasing wall area in the plan were analyzed under design spectrum compatible normal ground motions.


Evaluation of cement mortars by ultrasound
Paksoy, Nesibe Gözde; Yaman, İsmail Özgür; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
Ultrasonic testing of concrete is often used for the assessment of its uniformity, strength, modulus of elasticity, durability and etc. therefore, the related parameters of testing such as the transducer frequency, the specimen geometry and etc. are well-known. On the other hand, most of the concrete properties are affected by the cement and the mechanical as well as some durability properties of cements are determined through cement mortars. Applications of ultrasound on determining the properties of cemen...
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Özmen, Semih; Toker, Kurç; Department of Civil Engineering (2009)
This research focuses on implementing and improving a parallel solution framework for the linear static analysis of large structural models on PC clusters. The framework consists of two separate programs where the first one is responsible from preparing data for the parallel solution that involves partitioning, workload balancing, and equation numbering. The second program is a fully parallel nite element program that utilizes substructure based solution approach with direct solvers. The first step of data...
Approximate analysis and condition assesment of reinforced concrete t-beam bridges using artificial neural networks
Dumlupınar, Taha; Hasançebi, Oğuzhan; Department of Civil Engineering (2008)
In recent years, artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been employed for estimation and prediction purposes in many areas of civil/structural engineering. In this thesis, multilayered feedforward backpropagation algorithm is used for the approximate analysis and calibration of RC T-beam bridges and modeling of bridge ratings of these bridges. Currently bridges are analyzed using a standard FEM program. However, when a large population of bridges is concerned, such as the one considered in this project (Pen...
Lifetime Performance Analysis of Existing Reinforced Concrete Bridges. I: Theory
Akgül, Ferhat (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2005-06-01)
In this first part of a two-part paper, a general methodology for lifetime performance analysis of existing reinforced concrete bridges is presented. The framework for the methodology is established by identifying four distinct categories: limit state equations, random variables, deterministic parameters, and constant coefficients. The limit state equations are derived by strictly adhering to the load and capacity formulas and requirements set forth in AASHTO specifications. Generality is pursued by establi...
Nonlinear Fiber Modeling of Steel-Concrete Partially Composite Beams with Channel Connectors
Ozturk, Alper; Baran, Eray; Tort, Cenk (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-05-01)
A simplified nonlinear fiber-based finite element model of steel-concrete partially composite beams utilizing channel type mechanical shear connectors is developed in OpenSees framework. The interaction between steel beam and concrete slab is accounted for by introducing nonlinear zero length elements and rigid links. The channel shear connector response used in numerical models is based on the previously obtained experimental response from pushout tests. Accuracy of the numerical models in predicting the r...
Citation Formats
İ. Kazaz, “Dynamic characteristics and performance assessment of reinforced concrete structural walls,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.