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Improving throughput by traffic aware routing in non-transparent ieee 802.16j networks

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2010
Tekdoğan, Rıdvan
WiMAX is one of the rising communications technology which enables last mile broadband mobile wireless Internet connectivity. IEEE Std 802.16-2009 is the last accepted standard which targets mobile and fixed wireless broadband access. The standard defines two types of stations which are base and mobile stations. A base station has a wired connection to backhaul network and gives broadband wireless service to mobile stations. IEEE 802.16j standard which is an amendment to IEEE 802.16, introduces Multihop Relaying for increasing coverage and throughput. Deployment of relay stations, where the backbone network does not exist, is a cost effective solution. Two modes of operations are defined for relay station: transparent mode and non-transparent mode. Relays in transparent mode, are deployed for improving signal quality, so that mobile stations can use relay link for increasing throughput. In non-transparent mode, relays can send management packets, so that mobile stations, which are not in the direct reach of a base station, can connect to network through relay stations. In domain specific networks main data traffic is caused by the communication between subscribers in same region. In this thesis shortcut routing scheme is proposed as sending packets to destination directly through relay station for data traffic between two subscribers with a common relay. With shortcut routing, network throughput is increased by preventing links at higher layer in topology from becoming bottleneck. Moreover, by traversing fewer hops, latency decreases. We also propose traffic aware path selection method, where a path will more.