Investigation of rotor wake interactions in helicopters using 3d unsteady free vortex wake methodology

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2010
Yemenici, Öznur
This thesis focuses on developing and examining the capabilities of a new in-house aerodynamic analysis tool, AeroSIM+, and investigating rotor-rotor aerodynamic interactions for two helicopters, one behind the other in forward flight. AeroSIM+ is a 3-D unsteady vortex panel method potential flow solver based on a free vortex wake methodology. Validation of the results with the experimental data is performed using the Caradonna-Tung hovering rotor test case. AeroSIM+ code is improved for forward flight conditions so that, the blades are allowed to move according to the rotor dynamics. In the simulations, blade airload prediction is seen to be sensitive to changes in vortex core size. Blade Vortex Interaction (BVI) locations differ depending on the relative position of the rear rotor with respect to the front rotor as well as on the forward flight speed. It was observed that the performance characteristics of the rear rotor alter depending on the relative positions of the rotors within the asymmetric wake flow field. The results of this thesis study such as the computed forces and moments on each rotor and the frequency characteristics of these loads can be also used in helicopter dynamics simulators.

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Citation Formats
Ö. Yemenici, “Investigation of rotor wake interactions in helicopters using 3d unsteady free vortex wake methodology,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.