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In-situ generation of poly(n-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone)-stabilized palladium(0) and ruthenium(0) nanoclusters as catalysts for hydrogen generation from the methanolysis of ammonia-borane

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2010
Erdoğan, Huriye
More attention has been paid to find new type renewable energy sources because of increasing concern about the environmental problems arising from the combustion of fossil fuels as energy sources. The development of new storage materials will facilitate the use of hydrogen as a major energy carrier. Several possibilities exist for ‘‘solid-state’’ storage: the hydrogen can be trapped in metal organic frameworks, carbon nanotubes and certain alloys; or one can use materials in which hydrogen is already present in the composition (e.g., chemical hydrides). The latter option seems to be the most promising since it permits a higher mass ratio of hydrogen. Recently, ammonia-borane complex (NH3BH3, AB) has been considered as solid hydrogen storage material since it possess one of the highest hydrogen contents (19.6 wt. %) and high stability under the moderate conditions. Hydrolysis and methanolysis are the two reactions liberating hydrogen from AB. However, a catalyst is needed for hydrogen generation from methanolysis of AB. In this context, we aim to develop PVP-stabilized palladium(0) and ruthenium(0) nanoclusters as catalyst for the methanolysis of AB. The PVP-stabilized palladium(0) and ruthenium(0) nanoclusters were prepared from the in-situ reduction of palladium(II) acetylacetonate and ruthenium(III) chloride respectively in the methanolysis of AB. The prepared palladium(0) nanoclusters were isolated as solid materials by removing the volatile in vacuum and characterized by using TEM, SAED, XPS, FT-IR, XRD and UV-visible electronic absorption spectroscopy techniques while and ruthenium(0) nanoclusters were characterized by TEM, XPS, XRD, FT-IR and UV-visible electronic absorption spectroscopy techniques. The kinetics of methanolysis of AB catalyzed by palladium(0) and ruthenium(0) nanoclusters were studied depending on the catalyst concentration, substrate concentration and temperature. The activation parameters of the catalytic methanolysis reaction obtained from the evaluation of kinetic data.