Critical evaluation of the energy resources of Turkey with respect to the world prospects

Aydemir, Mehmet Olcay
Existing petroleum and natural gas reserves, which are the major supplies of primary energy demand of the world, are cumulated in a few countries. This causes a serious supply security problem for many countries. On the other side, greenhouse gas emissions caused by mainly fossil fuels are gradually increasing to a point which jeopardizes the future of the earth. By now, countries have to consider both their supply security and this global environmental problem while planning their energy future. For Turkey, a developing country, economic growth is to be added as a third parameter of the solution of this energy equation. In this study, firstly, Turkey's existing fossil and alternative energy resources potential is examined. In the second part, international acts against climate change problem and Turkey's position in this issue is analyzed. In the third part, the relation between economic growth, energy and environment is discussed. Finally, in consideration with supply security, climate change and economic growth, a brief analyze for Turkey is performed. Study shows that these three parameters are strongly interconnected, especially for fossil resources this leads to some conflictual situations. Comparing with OECD countries, energy is an important factor for economic growth in Turkey. Depending on this fact, Turkey can better give priority to supply security and take an environmental responsibility appropriate to its special condition. It is concluded that Turkey should start with the emission mitigation methods which do not threaten the supply security much, such as forestation, energy conservation and efficiency. Since coal is predicted to continue its popularity in the future, clean coal technologies and carbon capture-storage options gain more importance. For long term, state-sanctioned utilization of renewable resources and carefully planned nuclear development are found to be the most promising solutions for replacing coal and imported natural gas in power generation.


Review of natural gas discovery and production from conventional resources in Turkey
Keskin, Hakan; Mehmetoğlu, Mustafa Tanju; Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (2007)
Oil and natural gas are the most strategic raw materials to meet the expanding energy requirement in today’s world. They have great impact on issues such as economy, national security, development, competition, and political consistency. Being a developing country, Turkey’s natural gas requirement is increasing rapidly. However, the production is far from covering the demand. Recent assumptions point out that natural gas demand of Turkey will reach 44 billion cubic meters in 2010 with a financial burden of ...
Experimental analysis of adsorption capacities and behaviors of shale samples
Merey, Şükrü; Sınayuç, Çağlar; Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (2013)
In recent years, unconventional reserves such as shale gas reservoirs have become a major alternative source of energy in the world. It is known that Turkey has shale gas potentials especially in the Southeastern and Thrace region. In shale gas reservoirs, significant amounts of natural gas exist as conventional “free” gas in porous spaces as well as “adsorbed” gas on shale matrix. Understanding adsorption capacities and behaviors of shale gas reservoirs may help exploitation and resource evaluation. In thi...
Güngör, Ayşe; Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; Department of Geological Engineering (2023-1-25)
Natural gas is a fossil fuel that is present in every step of our daily life, in terms of commercial, domestic, and industrial areas. It has wide low and high demand periods which necessitates its storage during low periods to be used during the high periods. One of the widely used storage methods is underground natural gas storage (UGS) facilities that have been used since 1915. They are economically important in long-term usage in the marketing area. Therefore, finding new suitable underground storage ...
Shale Gas: Current Perspectives and Future Prospects in Turkey and the World
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (2014-11-17)
With the increased natural gas prices and advancement in the horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technology, there is a high interest in shale gas reservoirs in the world and in Turkey. However, gas production from shale gas reservoirs is quite different than conventional gas reservoirs because permeability in shale gas reservoirs is very low and production mechanism is different due to adsorbed gas and free gas together in these reservoirs. The aim of study is to clarify shale gas reservoirs in te...
Turkey as a Major Gas Transit Hub Country
Umucu, T.; Altunışık, Meliha; Kök, Mustafa Verşan (2012-01-01)
The demand for natural,gas has been growing much faster than the demand for other primary energy sources and it is expected that the European Union's dependency on natural gas will continue to grow. For this reason, the gas supply security policy of securing a smooth supply of gas has become more important lately on the European political agenda. According to the European Union external policy directives, European Union natural gas energy security can be enhanced by diversifying geographical origin as well ...
Citation Formats
M. O. Aydemir, “Critical evaluation of the energy resources of Turkey with respect to the world prospects,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.