Nietzsche's criticisms of Kantian morality

Binici, Başta Başar
The purpose of this study is to explain and evaluate Nietzsche’s criticisms of Kantian morality. Kantian morality has greatly influenced western moral thought. Nietzsche’s criticisms focus on the scientific and universal character of this philosophy. This work focuses on the ideas of ‘freedom’, ‘autonomy’, ‘individual virtues’ and ‘morality as a science’. In order to understand and analyze Nietzsche’s critiques, his epistemological criticisms are also evaluated.


Hume's moral theory as expressed in his a treatise of human nature and enquiries concerning human understanding and concerning the principles of morals
Gülcan, Nur Yeliz; Ceylan, Yasin; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The aim of this study is to examine Hume’s moral theory as expressed in his two main books, Treatise and Enquiry and to show the defects of this theory. Without explaining some basic doctrines such as moral motivation, moral judgment, sympathy, passions, virtues, justice e.t.c., it is not possible to understand Hume’s moral theory. To this aim, first, Hume’s moral theory is explained in detail. Next, in order to provide a deeper understanding of the theory, its relation with his epistemology and his aesthet...
An inquiry concerning the place of emotions in virtue ethics (a comparison between Aristotle and Kant
Yazıcı, Aslı; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2005)
This dissertation examines the claim that, unlike utilitarianism and deontology, virtue ethics ascribes a positive role to emotions in moral evaluation by taking them as the constituents of moral goodness and moral value. I wish to identify the limit and scope of this claim and to show what kind of emotion theory is suitable for explaining the essential features of virtue ethics. To do so, I defend some kind of cognitivism, the cognitive-affective theory of emotion, as the most suitable theory for virtue et...
Human nature, ethics and politics in the philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and Immanuel Kant
Yağanak, Eray; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2013)
The aim of this study is to make a comparison between Thomas Hobbes’ and Immanuel Kant’s theories of human nature, ethics and politics. This thesis defends the arguments of Kant’s republican political theory against the claims raised by Hobbes. In this thesis, I shall argue that Hobbes’ empiricist/mechanistic understanding of human nature cannot provide freedom of action for human beings within his ethical and political theory. In contrast to Hobbes, I shall defend the thesis that Kant’s understanding of hu...
Systemic change and elite transition: a neoclassical realist appraisal to the political and economic transformation in Russia and China since the 1970s
Şahin, Mehme; Tayfur, Mehmet Fatih; Department of International Relations (2019)
The main purpose of this study is to understand the systemic transition from a neoclassical realist perspective. The effects of the increasing capitalism on great powers since the 1970s are analyzed to examine transition. Therefore, the two great powers in the international system, namely Russia and China, are taken as analytical tools. Since neoclassical realism emphasizes domestic determinants of states, this study focuses on elite preferences of China and Russia. In this regard, the liberal international...
Hume’s law as a psychological thesis: an interpretation of and solution to the “is-ought” problem
Erdenk, Emre Arda; Sol, Ayhan; Wringe, William G.; Department of Philosophy (2014)
This thesis provides an interpretation of David Hume’s “is-ought” problem. According to this interpretation, “is-ought” problem suggests a psychological claim that there cannot be any moral relations. Based on this, I claim that Hume’s Law can be adequately interpreted as a psychological thesis. By means of this, I evaluate three main arguments of Treatise 3.1.1 and analyze the “is-ought” passage in virtue of a contextual reading. Ultimately, I conclude that Hume’s Law is not a logical claim against deducti...
Citation Formats
B. B. Binici, “Nietzsche’s criticisms of Kantian morality,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.