Nietzsche's criticisms of Kantian morality

Binici, Başta Başar
The purpose of this study is to explain and evaluate Nietzsche’s criticisms of Kantian morality. Kantian morality has greatly influenced western moral thought. Nietzsche’s criticisms focus on the scientific and universal character of this philosophy. This work focuses on the ideas of ‘freedom’, ‘autonomy’, ‘individual virtues’ and ‘morality as a science’. In order to understand and analyze Nietzsche’s critiques, his epistemological criticisms are also evaluated.


Hume's moral theory as expressed in his a treatise of human nature and enquiries concerning human understanding and concerning the principles of morals
Gülcan, Nur Yeliz; Ceylan, Yasin; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The aim of this study is to examine Hume’s moral theory as expressed in his two main books, Treatise and Enquiry and to show the defects of this theory. Without explaining some basic doctrines such as moral motivation, moral judgment, sympathy, passions, virtues, justice e.t.c., it is not possible to understand Hume’s moral theory. To this aim, first, Hume’s moral theory is explained in detail. Next, in order to provide a deeper understanding of the theory, its relation with his epistemology and his aesthet...
Nietzsche’s perspectivist epistemology : epistemological implications of will to power
Soysal, Soner; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The aim of this study is to examine the relation between Nietzsche’s perspectivism and his doctrine of the will to power and to show that perspectivism is almost a direct and natural consequence of the doctrine of the will to power. Without exploring the doctrine, it is not possible to understand what Nietzsche’s perspectivism is and what he trying to do by proposing it as an alternative to traditional epistemology. To this aim, firstly, Nietzsche’s doctrine of the will to power is explained in detail. Next...
The relation of freedom and evil in Kant’s moral philosophy
Aydın Bayram, Selma; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2006)
The purpose of this study is to examine concepts of freedom and evil, and to clarify their relation in terms of Kant’s moral philosophy. In this study, I firstly examine Kant’s understanding of freedom and the problems that this understanding leads to. I also discuss how the concept of freedom can be reconciled with the concept of evil expressed in the form of “propensity to evil”. Additionally, I attempt to show the significance of the notion of evil for Kant’s moral theory. Evil is one of the most critici...
A discussion on how to formulate the question of contingency in Leibniz's system: a logical approach
Besler, Arman; Grünberg, David; Department of Philosophy (2008)
The main objective of this study is to shed light on some difficulties involved in the formulation of the problem of contingency in Leibniz’s philosophical system. Leibniz’s mature philosophy is characterized by the solutions he proposes for this problem, and the ontological ideas underlying or assisting them. ‘The problem of contingency’ refers to the tension between his conceptual containment theory of truth and his claim that true existential propositions that is, propositions which concern actual indiv...
Human nature, ethics and politics in the philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and Immanuel Kant
Yağanak, Eray; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2013)
The aim of this study is to make a comparison between Thomas Hobbes’ and Immanuel Kant’s theories of human nature, ethics and politics. This thesis defends the arguments of Kant’s republican political theory against the claims raised by Hobbes. In this thesis, I shall argue that Hobbes’ empiricist/mechanistic understanding of human nature cannot provide freedom of action for human beings within his ethical and political theory. In contrast to Hobbes, I shall defend the thesis that Kant’s understanding of hu...
Citation Formats
B. B. Binici, “Nietzsche’s criticisms of Kantian morality,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.