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Systemic change and elite transition: a neoclassical realist appraisal to the political and economic transformation in Russia and China since the 1970s

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2019
Şahin, Mehme
The main purpose of this study is to understand the systemic transition from a neoclassical realist perspective. The effects of the increasing capitalism on great powers since the 1970s are analyzed to examine transition. Therefore, the two great powers in the international system, namely Russia and China, are taken as analytical tools. Since neoclassical realism emphasizes domestic determinants of states, this study focuses on elite preferences of China and Russia. In this regard, the liberal international system is the independent variable and elite preferences are the intervening variable of the analysis. Their political outcome on the international system is the depended variable. The study concludes that the increasing capitalism transformed the socialist systems into hybrid capitalist regimes. This transforms the international order into multipolarity.