Investigation of magnesium ions effect on sludge properties in phosphorus deficient bioreactors

Ünal, Eda
The activated sludge process efficiency depends on separation of microbial cells from treated wastewater. Separation can fail due to a number of problems. One of these problems is sludge bulking which is non-settling situation of biomass. Former studies showed that phosphorus deficiency caused filamentous sludge bulking with increasing magnesium ion concentrations. The main objectives of this study are to find out the effect of magnesium ions on sludge properties in phosphorus deficient medium and to determine if there is any bulking. Three different concentrations of magnesium (0.5, 5, 15 meq/L) were added to three bioreactors which contained phosphorus deficient medium. In first set C: N: P ratio was 100:5:0.05. In second set, C:N:P ratio was elevated to 100:5:1. At steady state, physical characteristics including sludge volume index (SVI), viscosity, turbidity and dewaterability were determined. Besides concentration of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) as well as conductivity was measured. By using API kits, bacterial identification was achieved. In first set phosphorus deficiency and increasing magnesium ion concentration caused filamentous bulking. Carbohydrate content of extracellular polymeric substance significantly increased by magnesium addition. Dewaterability of the system got worse and viscosity decreased. Sludge Volume Index (SVI) indicated severe bulking at all magnesium concentrations. By using biochemical tests microorganisms dominant in the system were determined In second set, all of the parameters indicated healthy flocculation. By magnesium addition, EPSp and EPSc increased. Dewaterability and settleability, improved by the presence of phosphorus with close values measured at different magnesiuım concentrations. Nocardia related genera of Corynebacterium and Enteric microorganisms were identified.


Investigation of sodium and potassium ions in relation to bioflocculation of mixed culture microorganisms
Kara, Fadime; Sanin, Faika Dilek; Department of Biotechnology (2007)
Bioflocculation happens naturally and microorganisms aggregate into flocs during wastewater treatment. It is critical to understand the mechanisms of bioflocculation and its impact on the following solid/liquid separation process since seperation by settling is one of the key aspects that determine the efficiency and the overall economy of activated sludge systems. Bioflocculation occurs via extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and cations by creating a matrix to hold various floc components together so...
Anaerobic treatment of dilute wastewaters
Alptekin (Ener), Emel; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi; Department of Environmental Engineering (2008)
In this study, domestic wastewater was used to determine the anaerobic treatment performances of a dilute wastewater in one-phase upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) system and two-phase upflow anaerobic filter (UAF) and UASB system. The acidification performances of domestic wastewater were compared in UAF and UASB reactors. The degree of acidification is higher in UAF reactor (31%) compared to UASB reactor (18%) at 2 h hydraulic retention time (HRT) in the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewaters. T...
Evaluation of a compacted bentonite/sand seal for underground waste repository isolation
Akgün, Haluk; AKTÜRK, ÖZGÜR (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-06-01)
This study investigates the performance of an optimum compacted bentonite/sand mixture seal for the isolation of underground waste repositories. Engineering geological tests such as compaction, flow, swelling, mechanical and shear strength tests have been conducted to select an optimum mixture and to recommend a stable bentonite/sand seal length-to-radius ratio (L/a) as far as the factor of safety (F) is concerned. The results of the compaction permeameter tests led to a recommendation to select an optimum ...
Modeling of activated sludge process by using artificial neural networks
Moral, Hakan; Gökçay, Celal Ferdi; Department of Environmental Engineering (2004)
Current activated sludge models are deterministic in character and are constructed by basing on the fundamental biokinetics. However, calibrating these models are extremely time consuming and laborious. An easy-to-calibrate and user friendly computer model, one of the artificial intelligence techniques, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) were used in this study. These models can be used not only directly as a substitute for deterministic models but also can be plugged into the system as error predictors. Thr...
Investigation of the use of aerobic granules for the treatment of sugar beet processing wastewater
KOCATURK, İREM; Bayramoğlu, Tuba Hande (2015-10-18)
The treatment of sugar beet processing wastewater in aerobic granular sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was examined in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal efficiency. The effect of sugar beet processing wastewater of high solid content, namely 2255 +/- 250mg/L total suspended solids (TSS), on granular sludge was also investigated. Aerobic granular SBR initially operated with the effluent of anaerobic digester treating sugar beet processing wastewater (Part I) achieved average removal ef...
Citation Formats
E. Ünal, “Investigation of magnesium ions effect on sludge properties in phosphorus deficient bioreactors,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.