An FPGA implementation of real-time electro-optic & IR image fusion

Çölova, İbrahim Melih
In this thesis, a modified 2D Discrete Cosine Transform based electro-optic and IR image fusion algorithm is proposed and implemented on an FPGA platform. The platform is a custom FPGA board which uses ALTERA Stratix III family FPGA. The algorithm is also compared with state of the art image fusion algorithms by means of an image fusion software application GUI developed in Matlab®. The proposed algorithm principally takes corresponding 4x4 pixel blocks of two images to be fused and transforms them by means of 2D Discrete Cosine Transform. Then, the L2 norm of each block is calculated and used as the weighting factor for the AC values of the fused image block. The DC value of the fused block is the arithmetic mean of the DC coefficients of both input blocks. Based on this mechanism, the whole two images are processed in such a way that the output image is a composition of the processed 4x4 blocks. The proposed algorithm performs well compared to the other state of the art image fusion algorithms both in subjective and objective quality evaluations. In hardware, v the implemented algorithm can accept input videos as fast as 65 MHz pixel clock with a resolution of 1024x768 @60 Hz.


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Citation Formats
İ. M. Çölova, “An FPGA implementation of real-time electro-optic & IR image fusion,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.