Individual and group based factors affecting the relationship between perceived discrimination and well-being: the sample of Turkish minority in Bulgaria

Korkmaz, Leman
The present study examined the influence of perceived discrimination on the subjective well-being of Turks in Bulgaria. Based on Meyer‟s (2003) Minority Stress Model, the role of group resources namely collective self esteem, Turkish identification and Bulgarian citizen identification and the role of personal resources namely self-efficacy, optimism and social support on subjective well-being as well as the moderating effects of these variables in the perceived discrimination - well-being relationship were investigated. The data were collected from a convenience sample of Turks in Bulgaria from three different cities (N = 296) through questionnaires in Turkish. The results showed that most individual and group-level resources predict dimensions of subjective well-being in the expected directions. Considering the influence of perceived discrimination, findings showed that perceived individual v discrimination predicted an increase on negative affect while perceived group discrimination predicted an increase on both negative and positive affect. In terms of the moderating effects of psychological resources, the results pointed that perceived discrimination predicted higher negative affect for people with high self-efficacy; perceived group discrimination predicted greater positive affect for strong Turkish identifiers and perceived individual discrimination was a significant and positive predictor of positive affect for people with low levels of social support. These findings were discussed based on the existing literature and in the specific context of the current sample.


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Citation Formats
L. Korkmaz, “ Individual and group based factors affecting the relationship between perceived discrimination and well-being: the sample of Turkish minority in Bulgaria,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.