Regioselectivity in the Ene reaction of singlet oxygen with cyclic alkenes and application of Ene reaction to stereoselective synthesis of carbaheptopyranose derivatives

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2010
Doğan, Şengül Dilem
In the first part of this thesis is related to the regioselectivity in ene reaction of singlet oxygen with cyclic alkenes. The photooxygenation of 1-methyl-, 2,3-dimethyl-, 1,4-dimethylcyclohexa-1,4-dienes, 1,2,3,4,5,8-hexahydronaphthalene (16) and 2,3,4,7-tetrahydro-1H-indene (17) which are readily available through Birch reduction, yielded the ene products. The formed endocyclic dienes were trapped by the addition of singlet oxygen to give corresponding bicyclic endoperoxy-hydroperoxides. In the case of 1-methylcyclohexa-1,4-diene (13) and 1,4-dimethyl-cyclohexa-1,4-diene (15), cis-effect determined the product distribution. Photooxygenation of 2,3-dimethylcyclohexa-1,4-dienes (14) gave mainly exocyclic olefin, which was attributed to the lowered rotational barrier of the methyl group and increased reactivity of the methyl groups. Photooxygeneation of 1,2,3,4,5,8-hexahydronaphthalene (16) and 2,3,4,7-tetrahydro-1H-indene (17) shows importance of the geometry of the allylic hydrogen in the ground state. In the second part of this thesis is related to the stereoselective synthesis of carbaheptopyranose derivatives. Two new carbaheptopyranoses, 5a-carba-6-deoxy-α-DL-galacto-heptopyranose (184) and 5a-carba-6-deoxy-α-DL-gulo-heptopyranose (185) have been prepared starting from cyclohexa-1,4-diene. The addition of dichloroketene to cyclohexa-1,4-diene followed by subsequent reductive elimination and Baeyer-Villiger oxidation formed the bicyclic lactone 188. Reduction of the lactone moiety followed by acetylation gave the diacetate 182b with cis-configuration. Introduction of additional acetate functionality into the molecule was achieved by singlet oxygen ene-reaction. The formed hydroperoxide 189 was reduced and then acetylated. The double bond in triacetate was further functionalized either by direct cis-hydroxylation using OsO4 or epoxidation followed by ring-opening reaction to give the hepto-pyranose derivatives 184 and 185.

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Citation Formats
Ş. D. Doğan, “Regioselectivity in the Ene reaction of singlet oxygen with cyclic alkenes and application of Ene reaction to stereoselective synthesis of carbaheptopyranose derivatives,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.