Ozonation of a denim producing textile industry wastewater-process optimization

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2010
Moralı, Eyüp Kaan
Denim production is one of the leading sub-sectors of textile industry which basically generates highly colored indigo dyeing effluents. In the present study, ozonation was applied to the indigo-dyeing effluent(COD=820 mg/L;color=5500 Pt-Co), and to the whole effluent from a denim-producing plant before(COD=2750 mg/L;color=3950 Pt-Co) and after(COD=800 mg/L,color=3700 Pt-Co) biological treatment for degradation/detoxification purposes. Ozonation was also tried in the wastewater of the plant(COD=3100 mg/L;color=4500 Pt-Co) that would be produced after some foreseen cleaner production measures; caustic recovery and reusing of dyeing process wastewater. When applied to indigo-dyeing wastewater; ozonation provided 95% color and 61% COD removals at 1320 mg/h ozone dose within 60 minutes The optimum pH was evaluated as 4 when indigo-dyeing wastewater exposed to ozonation at different pHs(1.6-12.3). On the other side, ozonation applied as pre-treatment to the plant effluent provided 86% color and 46% COD removals with 3240 mg/h ozone dose in 70 minutes. Less satisfactory results were obtained when ozonation was tried in the wastewater after measures, with 86% color and 31% COD removals at 3960 mg/h ozone dose in 80 minutes. When applied to the biologically-treated effluent; at 420 mg/h ozone dose and within 40 minutes, ozonation removed 47% of influent COD and 96% of influent color indicating better performance of ozonation in postoxidation. In order to assess possible improvements on ozonation with the addition of H2O2, different concentrations were tried, but no significant improvement was obtained. The improvement in BOD5/COD index was also determined for the ozonetreated plant effluent to measure the effects of ozonation on biodegradability and found out that BOD5/COD ratio has improved to 0.39 from 0.22.

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Citation Formats
E. K. Moralı, “Ozonation of a denim producing textile industry wastewater-process optimization,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.