Development and investigation of etoposide resistance in MCF-7 Breast cancer cell line

Kaplan, Esra
Failure of chemotherapy in cancer patients because of development of drug resistance is a major problem. Alterations of DNA repair mechanisms and drug targets are among the important resistance mechanisms which are developed against topoisomerase II inhibitors etoposide and doxorubicin. Modifications in the expression levels of mismatch repair (MMR) genes due to resistance to topoisomerase II inhibitors are involved in breast cancer. In this study, etoposide resistant sublines were developed from MCF7 breast cancer cell line (MCF7/S) and the expression levels of TOP2A and two important MMR genes MSH2 and MLH1 were examined by real time qPCR. Previously developed doxorubicin resistant cells were also studied for comparison. Etoposide resistant sublines MCF7/1000E, MCF7/1250E and MCF7/2000E were approximately 2, 3 and 4 fold resistant relative to parental MCF7/S cells, respectively. MLH1, MSH2 and TOP2A expressions decreased in both etoposide and doxorubicin resistant sublines relative to MCF7/S cells. Expression levels of TOP2A in resistant sublines differ between 10-95 percent of the expression levels in the parental cells. In the sublines MCF7/200E, MCF7/500E, MCF7/750E and MCF7/1000E a decrease in TOP2A gene expression was determined. In sublines MCF7/1250E and MCF7/2000E fluctuations in the expression levels were observed. Among the doxorubicin resistant sublines (MCF7/600D and MCF7/1000D), in MCF7/1000D which is more resistant to doxorubicin, TOP2A expression level was higher. Expression levels of MSH2 decreased regularly as the resistance increased. However, in MCF7/1250E significant increase relative to MCF7/1000E was observed. In MCF7/2000E, expression levels of MSH2 again significantly decreased to 41 percent of the levels in parental cell line. Expression levels of MLH1 decreased significantly (18-58 percent) in etoposide resistant sublines relative to MCF7/S cells. In doxorubicin resistant sublines, a decrease in MLH1 gene expression was observed in MCF7/1000D. It can be concluded from the results that decrease in the expression levels of TOP2A, MSH2 and MLH1 genes may contribute to resistance together. Above a certain resistance level, sublines may develop new strategies for acquiring higher resistance. Whenever a strategy becomes limited, new strategies emerge. New approaches developed to overcome resistance in cancer chemotherapy should consider the molecular basis of resistance in different stages of the disease.


Expression analysis of TOP2A, MSH2 and MLH1 genes in MCF7 cells at different levels of etoposide resistance
Kaplan, Esra; Gündüz, Ufuk (2012-02-01)
Purpose: Development of resistance against anti-cancer drugs is one of the major obstacles of chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer. Etoposide is a topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) inhibitor, which is used in the treatment of breast cancer. Alterations in the expression of drug targets or DNA repair genes are among the important resistance mechanisms against TOP2A inhibitors. In this study, expression changes in TOP2A gene and two important mismatch repair (MMR) genes MSH2 and MLH1 were examined in order to...
Reversal of paclitaxel resistance in MCF-7 cell line by achemical modulator elacridar
Şener, Emine Çiğdem; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2012)
The phenomenon called multi drug resistance (MDR) is the resistance of cancer cells to anticancer drugs before or during chemotherapy. One of the mechanisms causing MDR is the upregulation of efflux pumps. The overexpression of MDR1 and MRP1 results in increased efflux of anticancer agents. The aim of this study was to reverse MDR1-mediated paclitaxel resistance in MCF7 breast cancer cell line by a chemical MDR modulator elacridar. In this study, cytotoxicity and the reversal effect of elacridar on sensitiv...
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Urfalı, Çağrı; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2011)
Resistance to various chemotherapeutic agents is a major problem in success of cancer chemotherapy. One of the primary reasons of development of multidrug resistance (MDR) is the overexpression of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter proteins. Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) belongs to ABC transporter family and encoded by ABCG2 gene. BCRP is mainly expressed in MDR1 (P-glycoprotein) lacking breast cancer cells. Overexpression of BCRP leads to efflux of chemotherapeutic agents at higher rates, the...
Application of image enhancement algorithms to improve the visibility and classification of microcalcifications in mammograms
Akbay, Cansu; Gençer, Nevzat Güneri; Gençer, Gülay; Department of Biomedical Engineering (2015)
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths for women. Mammography is the most effective technology presently available for breast cancer screening, despite the fact that there are still some limitations of the imaging technique, such as insufficient resolution, low local contrast and noise combined with the subtle nature of the usual radiographic findings. One of the most important radiographic findings associated to the existence of breast cancer is the clustered microcalcifications. Especi...
The Roles of protein kinase d2 in chemoresistant breast cancer cell lines
Alpsoy, Aktan; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2014)
Even though chemotherapy keeps its position as the most preferred and potent strategy of cancer treatment, resistance of tumor to the anti-neoplastic drug poses an obstacle for chemotherapy success. Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a phenomenon that is defined as the intrinsic or acquired resistance against structurally and functionally unrelated drugs. Acquisition of multidrug resistance can be through several distinct mechanisms such as increased drug efflux by ABC transporters, increased drug detoxification...
Citation Formats
E. Kaplan, “Development and investigation of etoposide resistance in MCF-7 Breast cancer cell line,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.