Classification of motor imagery tasks in EEG signal and its application to a brain-computer interface for controlling assistive environmental devices

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2011
Acar, Erman
This study focuses on realization of a Brain Computer Interface (BCI)for the paralyzed to control assistive environmental devices. For this purpose, different motor imagery tasks are classified using different signal processing methods. Specifically, band-pass filtering, Laplacian filtering, and common average reference (CAR) filtering areused to enhance the EEG signal. For feature extraction; Common Spatial Pattern (CSP), Power Spectral Density (PSD), and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) are tested. Linear Feature Normalization (LFN), Gaussian Feature Normalization (GFN), and Unit-norm Feature Vector Normalization (UFVN) are studied in Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classification. In order to evaluate and compare the performance of the methodologies, classification accuracy, Cohen’s kappa coefficient, and Nykopp’s information transfer are utilized. The first experiments on classifying motor imagery tasks are realized on the 3-class dataset (V) provided for BCI Competition III. Also, a 4-class problem is studied using the dataset (IIa) provided for BCI Competition IV. Then, 5 different tasks are studied in the METU Brain Research Laboratory to find the optimum number and type of tasks to control a motor imagery based BCI. Thereafter, an interface is designed for the paralyzed to control assistive environmental devices. Finally, a test application is implemented and online performance of the design is evaluated.
Citation Formats
E. Acar, “Classification of motor imagery tasks in EEG signal and its application to a brain-computer interface for controlling assistive environmental devices,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.