Synthesis and characterization of solvent free alkyd resin with hyperbranched melamine core

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2011
Keskin, Nagehan
The use of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in coating materials has adverse effects on both human health and the environment. Due to concern over these problems, coating industry has attempted to decrease the solvent contents of coating materials for the last three decades by developing water dispersed and powder paints. A recently developed method to make solvent free paint is to use highly branched polymers in high solid alkyd resins. Highly branched polymers help to achieve resins with viscosity much lower than its linear counterparts. In this study, a new alkyd based resin was formulated using long oil alkyd and melamine based hyperbranched polymer having 24 functional groups on its structure. The long oil alkyd was synthesized by using an oil mixture (40% linseed + 60% sunflower). Melamine was preferred as core molecule due to its excellent properties such as greater hardness, alkali and solvent resistance with thermal stability. The resin produced has low viscosity because its hyperbranched structure; therefore, it needs no solvent for its application. The chemical characterization of the resins with different compositions was performed using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and thermal properties were determined by Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Physical and mechanical tests were conducted to determine hardness, flexibility, impact resistance, abrasion resistance, adhesion power, and gloss property of the samples. The viscosity of the resins decreased from 148 Pa.s to 8.84 Pa.s as the hyperbranched polymer to long oil alkyd ratio was increased from 1:3 to 1:24. On the other hand, the hardness values of the resins decreased from 198 Persoz to 43 Persoz. All resins showed excellent flexibility, formability, adhesion, and gloss.

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Citation Formats
N. Keskin, “Synthesis and characterization of solvent free alkyd resin with hyperbranched melamine core,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.