Tellurium determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry using a slotted quartz tube atom trap and metal coatings

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2011
Osmanbaşoğlu, Mahmut
Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAAS) has lover sensitivity than similar analytical methods, however it has an important place for analysis due to its easy application and economic practicability especially in metal determinations. In order to increase the sensitivity of FAAS from mg/L level to ng/L level, various atom trap systems have been used. One of these atom traps, Slotted Quartz Tube (SQT), which is easy, economical and useful for volatile element determination, is used in this study as a sensitive analytical method for determination of tellurium. In the study, determination of Te by SQT is handled in three different modules. First, only with SQT itself, longer residence time for Te atoms in the measurement zone is provided and consequently 3.2 fold sensitivity enhancement is obtained both for Te (VI) and Te (IV). In the second module, SQT is used for concentration of tellurium species in a lean flame by sending the analyte into SQT for a definite time and trapping them on the inner surface of the SQT. After trapping the analyte, in order to determine the Te concentration, a small volume (10-50 µL) of organic solvent such as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) is introduced to the flame for revolatilization and a rapid atomization of Te on the surface is provided. In this trapping method, for 5 minutes collection with a 6 mL/min suction rate, 143 fold enhancement for Te (VI) and 142 fold enhancement for Te (IV) were obtained. In the third module, different from the second one, the inner surface of the SQT is coated with different metals for increasing the amount of Te trapped on the surface and the best enhancement for tellurium is obtained with Tantalum-coated SQT with 252 fold enhancement for Te (VI) and 246 fold enhancements for Te (IV). All improvements are calculated according to the signals obtained in FAAS method. Separate calibration plots were used for Te (IV) and Te (VI).

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Citation Formats
M. Osmanbaşoğlu, “Tellurium determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry using a slotted quartz tube atom trap and metal coatings,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.