Direct synthesis of hydrogen storage alloys from their oxides

Tan, Serdar
The aim of this study is the synthesis of hydrogen storage compounds by electrodeoxidation technique which offers an inexpensive and rapid route to synthesize compounds from oxide mixtures. Within the scope of this study, two hydrogen storage compounds, FeTi and Mg2Ni, are aimed to be produced by this technique. In the first part, effect of sintering conditions on synthesis of FeTi was studied. For this purpose, oxide pellets made out of Fe2O3-TiO2 powders were sintered at temperatures between 900 °C – 1300 °C. Experiments showed that by sintering at 1100 °C, Fe2TiO5 forms and particle size remains comparatively small, which improve the reducibility of the oxide pellet. Experimental studies showed that the reduction of MgO rich MgO-NiO oxide pellet to synthesize Mg2Ni occurs only at extreme deoxidation conditions. Pure MgO remains intact after deoxidation. In contrast to these, pure NiO and NiO rich MgO-NiO mixtures were deoxidized successfully to Ni and MgNi2, respectively. Conductivity measurements address the low conductivity of MgO-rich systems as one of the reasons behind those difficulties in reduction. In the last part, a study was carried out to elucidate the low reducibility of oxides. It is considered that the oxygen permeability becomes important when the reduction-induced volumetric change does not yield fragmentation into solid-state. The approach successfully explains why MgO particles could not be reduced at ordinary deoxidation conditions. The study addresses that Mg layer formed at the surface of MgO particles blocks the oxygen transport between MgO and electrolyte as Mg has low oxygen permeability.
Citation Formats
S. Tan, “Direct synthesis of hydrogen storage alloys from their oxides,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.