Reconceptualisation of realism in British postwar fiction: the cases of Iris Murdoch, Muriel Spark ve John Fowles

Mete, Barış
This study is about British postwar fiction and its canonical reception according to a special categorisation of the novelists who were publishing in Britain during the two decades after the end of the Second World War. The study emphasises that mainstream literary criticism of 1950s and ’60s Britain tended to catalogue the novelists of this period according to a well-established dichotomy between tradition and innovation in which the traditional realist novels, the neorealist works of C. P. Snow, Angus Wilson and Kingsley Amis, were privileged over any other fictional work having modernist innovative characteristics. Therefore, the first published novels of Iris Murdoch, Muriel Spark and John Fowles, novelists belonging to today’s postmodern canon, were first critically recognised as social realist works in Britain. One of the objects of this study is to demonstrate the shortcomings of this classification. Moreover, the main argument of the study is that none of these three novelists should have been classified as a traditional realist novelist. All of these three British postwar novelists were reconceptualising traditional realism by self-reflexively including the problem of representation as part of their conventional subject matters in their formal realist novels.


History of the novel in stories of femininity: Moll flanders, Evelina and Fordyce’s sermons /
Kaya, Tuğba Billur; Yıldız Bağçe, Hülya; Department of English Literature (2015)
In this study the rise of the English novel is investigated from the perspective of Nancy Armstrong’s Desire and Domestic Fiction which put forward that the novel genre emerged out of the conduct books of seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Within this scope two of the first English novels Moll Flanders (1742) by Daniel Defoe and Evelina (1778) by Frances Burney will be studied side-by-side by comparing their plots with one of the most popular conduct books of the era: Fordyce’s Sermons. The study aims to...
Postmodernist historical novels: Jeanette Winterson’s and Salman Rushdie’s novels as historiographic metafictions
Kırca, Mustafa; İçöz, Nursel; Department of English Literature (2009)
The aim of this dissertation is to study postmodern historical novels, which are labeled “historiographic metafictions” (Hutcheon 1989: 92), in terms of their allowing for different voices and alternative, plural histories by subverting the historical documents and events that they refer to. The study analyzes texts from feminist and postcolonial literature, Jeanette Winterson’s The Passion and Sexing the Cherry, and Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children and Shame as examples in which the transgression of bo...
‘Fabulation’ of metanarratives in julian barnes’s novels metroland, flaubert’s parrot, a history of the world in 10 ½ chapters, and england, England
Salman, Volhan; İçöz, Nursel; Department of English Literature (2009)
The present thesis argues that the present era of post-postmodernism experiences a revival of revised metanarratives through ‘fabulation’, the process masterfully depicted in Julian Barnes’s novels Metroland (1980), Flaubert’s Parrot (1984), History of the World in 10 ½ Chapters (1989) and England, England (1998). The age of postmodernism with its undermining irony, hopelessness, pessimism and the sense of the looming end could not but leave the world in a state of despair, characterised by a propagated rul...
Features of renaissance individualism and references yo Machiavellian politics in Christopher Marlowe's the new of Malta, the tragical history of doctor Faustus and Tamburlaine, the great
Eryılmaz, Ayşe Pırıl; Alpakın Martınez Caro, Dürrin; Department of Foreign Language Education (2007)
This thesis analyses the Machiavellian concepts of cunning, cruelty and opportunism as well as self-determination and individualism with regard to the major characters in Christopher Marlowe's plays, The Jew of Malta, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus and Tamburlaine, Parts 1 and 2. The thesis then examines these characters' scales of achievement as individuals who challenge the established order. Finally, the thesis clarifies whether these characters are theatrical representatives of the Renaissance i...
Ambivalence in Victorian women’s writing: Ellen Wood’s East Lynne, Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s Lady Audley’s Secret, Margaret Oliphant’s Hester
Coşar Çelik, Seda; Yıldız Bağçe, Hülya; İçöz, Nursel; Department of English Literature (2014)
The simultaneous rise of Victorian women’s movement and the dominance of female authorship and readership in the nineteenth century prompted scholars of Victorian literature to interpret women’s novels as fictional examples of Victorian feminism or anti-feminism. Yet, this study stresses the ambivalent nature of women’s fiction by paying attention to the contradiction between the feminist and subversive content in women’s texts and their anti-feminist and disciplinary treatment. Exemplary underread novels f...
Citation Formats
B. Mete, “Reconceptualisation of realism in British postwar fiction: the cases of Iris Murdoch, Muriel Spark ve John Fowles,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.