A grounded theory of school as a social system in an atypical context

Zeybekoğlu Çalışkan, Zuhal
This is a grounded theory study of school as a social system in an atypical context. It was the aim of this study to develope context-specific theoretical propositions to understand how a school as a social system looks like in an atypical context, which is characterized by ethnic group, migrated groups of low socio-economic status and low-level education. A public school that shows these characteristics was chosen for the study. The school is mostly populated by students coming from Roman community and migrated families from northern and eastern part of Turkey. Data for the study came from different sources, including unstructured observations, one-to-one interviews with school principal and nine teachers, a focus group interview with nine parents and analysis of different types of documents. Data collection and analysis went hand in hand for the study. The study produced five theoretical propositions that were found to connect to a major process, which was called “breaking vicious cycle” by the researcher. These propositions generally suggest that there is a kind of vicious cycle in the functioning of a school in atypical contex that needs to be broken through making some collective changes in the daily life of school. For these changes to create a transformation in the school, it was suggested that the concept of education and the concept of school, as well as, teachers and principals’ role definitions should be redefined in the light of radical and critical educational views.


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This is a grounded theory study of the physical environment as hidden curriculum. A hidden curriculum is one of the side effects of an educational settings that transmits unstated norms, values and beliefs which are not openly intended. One domain discussed in hidden curriculum literature is the physical environment that conveys messages about social order, the nature of the learning process, and the role of teachers and students. In this sense, main aim was to investigate the physical environment as hidden...
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In this study we are concerned with the informal dimension of formative assessment (FA) in an L2 classroom. We examine those instances that are embedded into everyday learning activities and that emerge in and through classroom interaction contingently, continuously and flexibly. Drawing on the methodological underpinnings of Conversation Analysis (CA), we uncover the emergence of instances of reference to a past learning event (RPLE) in L2 classroom interaction and highlights its relevance to informal FA. ...
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Argumentation is an important part of education in different disciplines such as science teaching and psychology. Numerous research studies have revealed that the use of argumentation practices in courses have a positive impact on students' both cognitive (critical thinking, reasoning, etc.) and affective abilities. Recently, the number of studies on argumentation in the field of mathematics education has increased. It is expected that prospective teachers today are key elements of the argumentation process...
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Students have more experience in solving well-structured problems as they are more common in the educational setting. However problems faced in everyday practice are generally ill-structured problems which may have many equally effective alternative solutions (Jonassen, 1997). This study investigates pre-service teachersí problem solving strategies in social sciences/in everyday situations, determine their tendencies and deficiencies, and explore the differences between problem solving behaviors of freshmen...
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The purposes of this study were to explain the development and validation of a new instrument for assessing elementary students’ views of the Nature of Science (NOS) and to investigate student and school level factors that help to explain the difference in NOS views. The sample included 3,062 elementary students elementary schools located in Çankaya. Different from these students, 782 elementary students were the sample for the first focus of this study. The Nature of Science Instrument, Learning Approach Q...
Citation Formats
Z. Zeybekoğlu Çalışkan, “A grounded theory of school as a social system in an atypical context,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.