Spinodal instabilities in symmetric nuclear matter within a density-dependent relativistic mean-field approach

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2011
Danışman, Betül
The nuclear matter liquid-gas phase transition is expected to be a signal of nuclear spinodal instabilities as a result of density fluctuations. Nuclear spinodal instabilities in symmetric nuclear matter are studied within a stochastic relativistic density-dependent model in semi-classical approximation. We use two parameterization for the Lagrange density, DDME1 and TW sets. The early growth of density fluctuations is investigated by employing relativistic Vlasov equation based on QHD and discussed the cluster size of the condensations from the early growth of density correlation functions. Expectations are that hot nuclear matter behaves unstable around ρb ≈ ρ0/4 (below the saturation density) and at low temperatures. We therefore present our results at low temperature T=1 MeV and at higher temperature T=5 MeV, and also at a lower initial baryon density ρb = 0.2 ρ0 and a higher value ρb = 0.4 ρ0 where unstable behavior is within them. Calculations in density-dependent model are compared with the other calculations obtained in a relativistic non-linear model and in a Skyrme type nonivrelativistic model. Our results are consistent with them. Qualitatively similar results show that the physics of the quantities are model-independent. The size of clusterization is estimated in two ways, by using half-wavelength of the most unstable mode and from the width of correlation function at half maximum. Furthermore, the average speed of condensing fragments during the initial phase of spinodal decomposition are determined by using the current density correlation functions.
Citation Formats
B. Danışman, “Spinodal instabilities in symmetric nuclear matter within a density-dependent relativistic mean-field approach,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.