Energy indicators for sustainable development: comparison of Turkey and selected european union countries

Toğçuoğlu, Mehlika Merve
The aim of this study is to compare the sustainable development perspective of Turkey with selected European Union countries in terms of Energy Indicators for Sustainable Energy between 1980-2008. The study is conducted in a comparative and descriptive way by using energy indicators. The common energy policy priorities of Turkey and European Union are determined in the light of recent literature. An energy indicator set is constructed according to energy priorities, namely, energy efficiency and energy intensity; energy security and fuel mix; and environmental concerns. The analysis of relevant indicators demonstrates that Turkey does not meet the sustainability criteria in terms of energy use. In general, findings of the study indicate that Turkey does not use energy efficiently and energy intensities in the economy do not decrease except for the industry sector, for the period 1980-2008. Import dependency has increased and fuel mix of energy sources is dominantly carbon based. Expectations about increasing renewable energy share do not exhibit a significant trend thus energy security and fuel mix are still important issues for Turkey. Lastly, environmental protection in terms of decreasing GHG emissions, air pollution and deforestation could not be achieved as GHG emissions, air pollution and deforestation have increased in Turkey during 1980- 2008 period.


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Taşdemiroğlu, E (Elsevier BV, 1990-1)
The solar energy potential of Turkey is assessed. Solar energy R&D programs and technology and the present market for flat-plate solar collectors are briefly reviewed. The potential share of solar energy in the total energy budget is estimated.
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Soytaş, Uğur; Sarı, Ramazan (2009-04-15)
This paper investigates the long run Granger causality relationship between economic growth, carbon dioxide emissions and energy consumption in Turkey, controlling for gross fixed capital formation and labor. The most interesting result is that carbon emissions seem to Granger cause energy consumption, but the reverse is not true. The lack of a long run causal link between income and emissions may be implying that to reduce carbon emissions, Turkey does not have to forgo economic growth.
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Yıldırım, Miray Hanım; Wilhelm Weber, Gerhard; Türker Bayrak, Özlem; Department of Scientific Computing (2015)
Sustainable development relying on sustainable and renewable energy systems is becoming one of the major policies of many countries. This forces the policy makers to establish many reforms and revolutions, which evolve electricity markets into a more competitive form. The competitive environment results in surging electricity demand and supply that brings in a critical challenge: uncertainty. In this thesis, the uncertainties with respect to prices and demand in the market are explored by using stochastic p...
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Arı, İzzet; Yikmaz, Riza Fikret (Elsevier BV, 2019-05-01)
The aim of this study is to analyse impacts of renewable energy sources in achieving Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) targets of Turkey. INDCs as a part the Paris Agreement are based on national circumstances of countries on climate change. In order to reach the global goal of the Paris Agreement, countries shall monitor, update and upgrade their INDCs. The overall target of Turkish INDC is to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions up to 21 per cent from the Business as Usual (BaU) leve...
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Citation Formats
M. M. Toğçuoğlu, “Energy indicators for sustainable development: comparison of Turkey and selected european union countries,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.