Assessment of dewatering requirements for Çaldağ nickel mine in Western Turkey

Cankara, Çiğdem
The purpose of this study is to assess the dewatering requirements of planned open pit nickel mining at Çaldağ Site in Western Turkey. Dewatering is required for safe and efficient working conditions and pit wall stability. With this scope, a groundwater model of the study area is developed and used to predict the dewatering rate. The methodology mainly involves data collection, site hydrogeologic characterization and development of conceptual model, followed by construction and use of a groundwater model to predict the dewatering requirements of the mine site. The groundwater flow modeling is carried out using MODFLOW software and the dewatering simulations are carried out using MODFLOW Drain package. The drain cell configuration is determined by pit boundaries and invert elevations of drains corresponded to the bench elevations that will be achieved with respect to the mining schedule. In the transient model runs, monthly time steps were used. Using the outflow from in-pit drain cells, the v monthly dewatering rates are calculated. In order to assess the impacts of the hydraulic conductivity of the laterite on the pit inflow rates, simulations were carried out for different values of hydraulic conductivity of laterites. The predicted flow rate using the calibrated model is 107.54 L/s. A tenfold reduction in the hydraulic conductivity of laterite resulted in three fourths of decrease in the flow rate (24.42 L/s). Consequently, a wide range of flow rates for different hydraulic conductivity values of laterite was calculated. In order to confirm the hydraulic conductivity of laterites in the area, and to obtain a realistic dewatering rate, further pumping tests are needed.


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The purpose of the study is to characterize the hydrogeological conditions at the Alpu Coal Mine Exploration Site which is located in the Eskisehir Province in Turkey. This is required to provide baseline hydrogeological information before environmental impact assessment of the planned mining operations can be done. The characterization studies included hydrogeological and hydrochemical analysis of groundwater and surface water. The spatial and temporal variations in groundwater levels are determined by mea...
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Assessment of Dewatering Requirements and their Anticipated Effects on Groundwater Resources: A Case Study from the Caldag Nickel Mine, Western Turkey
Peksezer-Sayit, Ayse; Cankara-Kadioglu, Cigdem; Yazıcıgil, Hasan (2015-06-01)
Dewatering requirements of three open pits located in western Turkey and the impact of dewatering on groundwater resources were evaluated using a three-dimensional numerical groundwater flow model. The groundwater was modeled using MODFLOW software and the dewatering was simulated using the MODFLOW Drain Package. The drain cell configurations were determined by pit boundaries; invert elevations of drains corresponded to the bench elevations in the mining schedule, which varied dynamically among the three pi...
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The open pit mining nearby shoreline is planned to be extended into below sea level in order to use additional reserves of the cement raw material (marl). The raw material is currently contaminated by seawater intrusion below a depth of 20 m up to the distance of 90 m from shoreline. Seawater intrusion related contamination of the material used for the cement production was investigated by means of diffusion process for the future two below sea level mining scenarios covering 43 years of period. According t...
Citation Formats
Ç. Cankara, “Assessment of dewatering requirements for Çaldağ nickel mine in Western Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.