Resonctructing signaling pathways from RNAi data using genetic algorithms

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2011
Ayaz, Eyüp Serdar
Cell signaling is a list of chemical reactions that are used for intercellular and intracellular communication. Signaling pathways denote these chemical reactions in a systematic manner. Today, many signaling pathways are constructed by several experimental methods. However there are still many communication skills of cells that are needed to be discovered. RNAi system allows us to see the phenotypes when some genes are removed from living cells. By observing these phenotypes, we can build signaling pathways. However it is costly in terms of time and space complexity. Furthermore, there are some interactions RNAi data cannot distinguish that results in many different signaling pathways all of which are consistent with the RNAi data. In this thesis, we combine genetic algorithms with some greedy approaches to find the topologies that fit the Boolean single knock-down RNAi experiments. Our algorithm finds nearly all of the results for small inputs in a few minutes. It can also find a significant number of results for larger inputs. Then we eliminate isomorphic topologies from the output set of this algorithm. This process fairly reduces the number of topologies. Afterwards we offer a simple scheme for suggesting new wet-lab RNAi experiments which is necessary to have a complete approach to find the actual network. Also we describe a new activation and deactivation model for pathways when the activation of the phenotype after RNAi knock-downs are given as weighted variables. We adapt the first genetic algorithm approach to this model for directly finding the most possible network.
Citation Formats
E. S. Ayaz, “Resonctructing signaling pathways from RNAi data using genetic algorithms,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.