Enzyme enhanced ultrafiltration for the resolution of racemic mandelic acid

Kavurt, Ülkü Bade
In this study, resolution of racemic mandelic acid by enyzme enhanced ultrafiltration (EEUF) was studied. In order to develop a methodology, bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as a model protein for polymer enhanced ultrafiltration (PEUF) experiments and the enzyme S-mandelate dehydrogenase was used for EEUF experiments. To be used for enzyme enhanced ultrafiltration experiments, the gene which is responsible from the production of S-mandelate dehydrogenase was isolated from Pseudomonas putida, expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant enzyme was produced. For PEUF experiments, effects of pH and ligand ratio were investigated. Total retention of mandelic acid increased with decrease in pH and total retention of mandelic acid reached to a maximum value of 74.4% at pH 4.3. For EEUF experiments, pH and ligand ratio effect on total retention, enantiomeric excess, enantioselectivity were investigated. Although apoenzyme was tried to be obtained by diafiltration and conversion was tried to be prevented, conversion occured especially at high pH values. To create the apoenzyme effect, three methods were studied. Enzyme conversion was prevented by sodium sulfite inhibition but enzyme did not retain mandelic acid. By oxygen saturation of enzyme, conversion was prevented, binding was achieved but enzyme showed no enantioselectivity. When the enzyme was diafiltrated at pH 10.0, total mandelic acid retention, enantiomeric excess and enantioselectivity reached to 77.2%, 38.9%, 2.27, respectively and the enzyme selectivity was reversed as R-selective.
Citation Formats
Ü. B. Kavurt, “Enzyme enhanced ultrafiltration for the resolution of racemic mandelic acid,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.