Implementation of turbulence models on 2d hybrid grids using an explicit/implicit multigrid algorithm

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2011
Yılmaz, Ali Emre
In this thesis study, implementation, numerical stability and convergence rate issues of turbulence modeling are explored. For this purpose, a one equation turbulence model, Spalart-Allmaras, and a two-equation turbulence model, SST k-w, are adapted to an explicit, cell centered, finite volume method based, structured / hybrid multi grid flow solver, SENSE2D, developed at TUBITAK-SAGE. Governing equations for both the flow and the turbulence are solved in a loosely coupled manner, however, each set of equations are solved using a coupled, semi-implicit solution algorithm. In multigrid solutions, the semi-implicit solution algorithm and the turbulence model equations are employed only in the finest level grid. As a result, stable and convergent numerical solutions are obtained. In order to validate the turbulence models and the semi-implicit solution algorithm implemented, turbulent flow solutions over a flat plate, RAE2822 airfoil and NLR7301 multi element airfoil are performed. The results are compared with the experimental data and the numerical results of the commercial CFD package FLUENT. It is shown that the numerical results obtained by SENSE2D are in good agreement with the experimental data and the FLUENT results. In addition to the turbulence modeling studies, convergence rate studies are also performed by multigrid and semi-implicit solution methods. It is shown that, the convergence rates of the semi-implicit solutions are increased about 5 times for single grid and 35% for multigrid solutions in comparison to the explicit solutions.

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Citation Formats
A. E. Yılmaz, “Implementation of turbulence models on 2d hybrid grids using an explicit/implicit multigrid algorithm,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.