Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of süphan stratovolcano

Özdemir, Yavuz
This study is concerned with volcanostratigraphic and petrologic evolution of the Süphan, which is a 4050 m high Quaternary stratovolcano in eastern Anatolia. The eruptive products of Süphan Stratovolcano, including transitional mildly alkaline to calc-alkaline rocks, are lavas, domes and pyroclastics ranging in composition from basalts to rhyolites. Ar-Ar age data from different levels of the volcanostratigrafic succession yield a range of 0.76-0.06 Ma. Textural features, wide temperature ranges obtained for intermediate members, and the linear trends of whole-rock geochemistry are strongly suggestive of magma mixing in the evolution of Süphan volcanics. Presence of crystal clots in many lavas suggests that cogenetic plutonic rocks were also involved in the mixing process. Comparison of whole-rock, melt inclusion and glass chemistry data of Süphan to data from experimental studies reported in literature indicate that the melt inclusions describe true liquid lines of descent from a common hydrous parent at pressures of ~500 MPa. EC-AFC modeling of trace element and isotopic compositions reveals 2-8% crustal contamination in the differentiated lavas. REE modeling indicates that primitive rocks of Süphan volcanics were products of mixing of melts from spinel and garnet lherzolite sources, with contributions of 60% and 40%, respectively, in the mixture. A two-stage petrogenetic model is proposed for Suphan stratovolcano. Mantle- derived melts stall and undergo chemical differentiation in a deep hot zone in lower to mid-crust; variably evolved melts ascending from this zone are arrested and mixed at a shallow level where they construct a sub-volcanic magma reservoir beneath Suphan.


Geoarchaelogical investigation of central anatolian caravanserais using gis
Ertepınar Kaymakcı, Pnar; Toprak, Vedat; Department of Geological Engineering (2005)
This study comprises analysis of geological, geomorphological constraints that played role in the site selection of caravanserais. In order to do this, 15 caravanserais located along a route from Nevşehir-Aksaray-Konya to Beyşehir were used. The data used in the study include a caravanserai database, lithological maps, and digital elevation model of the area. GIS analyses performed in the study are proximity, visibility, and probability distribution (PDA). The first step is the generation of the ancient tra...
Structural evolution of the Gediz Graben, SW Turkey: temporal and spatial variation of the graben basin
Ciftci, N. B.; Bozkurt, Erdin (Wiley, 2010-12-01)
The structural evolution of the Miocene to Recent Gediz Graben is intimately related to the evolution of its southern margin. This margin is shaped by a time-transgressive, composite structure that possesses flat-ramp geometry with three separate dip domains: a low-angle shallow segment; a steeper middle segment; and a low-angle deeper segment. This geometry was probably produced by one of two mechanisms, which operated perpendicular to the general trend of the graben, resulting in gradual back-rotation fol...
Crust–mantle interaction in western Turkey: Implications from Sr and Nd isotope geochemistry of Tertiary and Quaternary volcanics
Güleç, Nilgün Türkan (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 1991-01-01)
The isotopic composition of Sr and Nd together with the abundance data for major and trace elements are reported for Tertiary to Quaternary volcanics from a variety of localities in western Turkey. These data are used to evaluate the role of crust–mantle interaction in the petrogenesis of the western Turkish volcanics. The major and trace element chemistry reveals a general change in the nature of volcanism from dominantly calc-alkaline in Tertiary to alkaline in Quaternary times. The calc-alkaline rocks ar...
Altıner, Sevinç (Wiley, 1993-12-01)
Within the framework of an integrated stratigraphy, a detailed biostratigraphic study of Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous (Tithonian-Valanginian) calcareous nannofossils was carried out in north-west Anatolia, Turkey.
Erosional truncation of uppermost Permian shallow-marine carbonates and implications for Permian-Triassic boundary events
Payne, Jonathan L.; Lehrmann, Daniel J.; Follett, David; Seibel, Margaret; Kump, Lee R.; Riccardi, Anthony; Altıner, Demir; Sano, Hiroyoshi; Wei, Jiayong (Geological Society of America, 2007-07-01)
On shallow-marine carbonate buildups in south China, Turkey, and Japan, uppermost Permian skeletal limestones are truncated by an erosional surface that exhibits as much as 10 cm of topography, including overhanging relief. Sedimentary facies, microfabrics, carbon isotopes, and cements together suggest that erosion occurred in a submarine setting. Moreover, biostratigraphic data from south China demonstrate that the surface postdates the uppermost Permian sequence boundary at the global stratotype section a...
Citation Formats
Y. Özdemir, “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of süphan stratovolcano,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.