Optimal management of coastal aquifers using heuristic algorithms

Demirbaş, Korkut
Excessive pumping in coastal aquifers results in seawater intrusion where optimal and efficient planning is essential. In this study, numerical solution of single potential solution by Strack is combined with genetic algorithm (GA) to find the maximum extraction amount in a coastal aquifer. Seawater intrusion is tracked with the potential value at the extraction well locations. A code is developed by combining GA and a subroutine repeatedly calling MODFLOW as a numerical solver to calculate the potential distribution for different configurations of solution (trial solutions). Potential distributions are used to evaluate the fitness values for GA. The developed model is applied to a previous work by Mantoglou. Another heuristic method, simulated annealing (SA) is utilized to compare the results of GA. Different seawater prevention methods (i.e. injection wells, canals) and decision variables related to those methods (i.e. location of the injection wells or canals) are added to model to further prevent the seawater intrusion and improve the coastal aquifer benefit. A method called “Alternating Constraints Method” is introduced to improve the solution for the cases with variable location. The results show that both proposed method and the regular solution with GA or SA prove to be successful methods for the optimal management of coastal aquifers.