Leader group prototypicality and followers’ identification: predictors, mediating processes and follower outcomes

Göncü, Aslı
The aim of the present study was to investigate both antecedents and follower outcomes of leader group prototypicality as well as followers’ social identification with the group in two theoretical models guided by the propositions of social identity theory (SIT; Hogg, 1996) of leadership. The first model suggested that specific leadership styles (i.e., paternalistic, relationship-oriented, and task-oriented) predicted perceived leader group prototypicality and followers’ social identification depending on certain follower characteristics (i.e., cultural orientations and motivational tendencies). In the second model, proximal and distal follower outcomes of leader group prototypicality and the moderating role of follower social identification in these relationships were investigated. The findings revealed that followers’ individualism orientation moderated the link between task-oriented leadership and leader group prototypicality whereas both collectivism and individualism moderated the relationship between paternalistic v leadership and leader group prototypicality. The effects of task-oriented leadership on followers’ identification with the work group was enhanced by followers’ need for affiliation. Leader group prototypicality was positively associated with job satisfaction through its positive effects on personal attraction towards the leader, and followers’ leadership effectiveness perceptions and trust as well as its negative effects on social attraction and responsibility attributions for negative leader behaviors. The results are discussed in terms of theoretical and practical implications along with suggestions for future research.


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Citation Formats
A. Göncü, “ Leader group prototypicality and followers’ identification: predictors, mediating processes and follower outcomes,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.