Internal security and the new border management model of the EU: migration secutiy nexus

Hajipouran Benam, Çiğdem
This is a thesis about the changing internal security conceptualizations and the new border management model of the European Union (EU), its effects on third countries and resultant power relations. Although migration is a fact as old as human history, the way the issue is represented varies in time. Especially after 1970s, with the influence of recession experienced in Europe, migration has been formulated as a tool that should be managed well, which otherwise would pose a serious problem for the host countries. Indeed, lately it has evolved to being a security „problem‟. This thesis questions the meaning and role of security; indeed it argues in line with a Foucaultian approach, security is a tool to govern populations. By linking migration and security the EU is also developing new forms of governing populations in Europe and beyond. Turkey, as a country furthering accession talks with the EU is becoming a part of the new border management model of the EU. This requires change in terms of the mentality and the practices of security bureaucracy in Turkey, which creates changing power relations vis-a-vis asylum seekers and migrants. Legal amendments, twinning projects are all tools for governing the conduct of Turkish security agents. Projects implemented with the EU funds to construct reception and deportation centres are an extreme case signifying the change of policy and practice in Turkey.