An experimental study on the performance of an adsorption cooling system and the numerical analysis of its adsorbent bed

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2011
Solmuş, İsmail
In this thesis, firstly, the equilibrium adsorption capacity of water on a natural zeolite at several zeolite temperatures and water vapor pressures has been experimentally determined for adsorption and desorption processes. Additionally, the modified Dubinin-Astakhov adsorption equilibrium model has been fitted to experimental data and separate correlations are obtained for adsorption and desorption processes as well as a single correlation to model both processes. Experimental results show that the maximum adsorption capacity of natural zeolite is nearly 0.12 kgw/kgad for zeolite temperatures and water vapor pressures in the range 40-150 C and 0.87-7.38 kPa. Secondly, a thermally driven adsorption cooling prototype using natural zeolite-water as working pair has been built and its performance investigated experimentally at various evaporator temperatures. Under the experimental conditions of 45 C adsorption, 150 C desorption, 30 C condenser and 22:5 C, 15 C and 10 C evaporator temperatures, the COP of the adsorption cooling unit is approximately 0.25 and the maximum average volumetric specific cooling power density (SCPv) and mass specific cooling power density (SCP) of the cooling unit are 5.2 kWm-3 and 7 Wkg-1, respectively. Thirdly, in order to investigate the dynamic heat and mass transfer behavior of the adsorbent bed of an adsorption cooling unit, a transient local thermal non equilibrium model that accounts for both internal and external mass transfer resistances has been developed using the local volume averaging method. Finally, the influence of several design parameters on the transient distributions of temperature, pressure and amount adsorbed inside the cylindrical adsorbent bed of an adsorption cooling unit using silica-gel/water have been numerically investigated for the one and two dimensional computational domains. Moreover, validity of the thermal equilibrium model assumption has been shown under the given boundary and design conditions. Generally, for the conditions investigated, the validity of the local thermal equilibrium and spatially isobaric bed assumptions have been confirmed. To improve the performance of the bed considered, e orts should be focused on reducing heat transfer resistances and intra-particle mass transfer resistances but not inter-particle mass transfer resistances.

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Citation Formats
İ. Solmuş, “An experimental study on the performance of an adsorption cooling system and the numerical analysis of its adsorbent bed,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.