Youth in the labor market and the transition from school to work in Turkey

İlhan, Bengi
In this thesis, we examine labor market outcomes for the youth (ages 15-29) using microdata from several rounds of the Turkish Household Labor Force Survey (HLFS). We begin by examining demographic trends. We then rely on synthetic cohorts. The fact that the HLFS sample frame targets the civilian non-institutional population brings about difficulties in interpreting labor market indicators. We show that a more reasonable picture of schooling and work choices emerges when a simple correction for ‘missing males’ who are doing their CMS and examine the effect of Compulsory Military Service (CMS) on the transition from school to work by using discrete hazard models. We also investigate the time it takes to find the first permanent job to shed light on the recent evolution of the transition from school to work.Using Cox Proportional Hazard Model, we examine the effects of structural reforms and macro-economic conditions, and the permanence of these effects. We are able to study the differences in the hazard of obtaining the first permanent job by education levels non-parametrically. Finally, we investigate the changes in the cumulative baseline hazards over time and test for the presence of gender differences in the hazard rates by using time varying covariates. With the help of these covariates, we are able to compute the time needed for the closure of the gender gap.


Essays on informality in the Turkish labor market
Kan, Elif Öznur; Tansel, Aysıt; Department of Economics (2012)
This thesis investigates the nature, extent and dynamics of informal employment in the Turkish labor market using 2006-2009 Turkish Income and Living Conditions Survey. It is mainly a collection of three essays. In the first essay, an attempt is made to analyze the relevance and implications of three alternative characterizations of informality which include an enterprise-based definition associating informality with small firms, an extended enterprise-based definition incorporating social security protecti...
The Effects of youth minimum wage on labour market and schooling outcomes: evidence from Turkey
Küçükbayrak, Müşerref; Dayıoğlu Tayfur, Meltem; Tümen, Semih; Department of Economics (2018)
This study analyzes the impact of youth minimum wage policy on labour market and schooling outcomes in Turkey based on a quasi-experimental approach. Before January 2014, minimum wage was determined according to the age of a worker. Young workers under 16 years of age were entitled to get a lower pay. This created a cut-off at the wages paid to workers based on this age. Differentiation of minimum wage was eliminated in 2014. Exploiting this cut-off, we use an RD design to study the effects of minimum wage ...
Persistence of informal employment in Turkey
Başak, Zeynep; Taymaz, Erol; Department of Economics (2013)
The primary aim of this study is to examine the persistence of informal employment in Turkey and to test two hypotheses proposed by labor market segmentation theory (LMS) which suggest that there are persistent wage, security, working conditions, and control mechanisms differentials between the various segments of the labor market and the labor mobility between the segments is limited. In doing so, two data sets have been utilized: the Household Labor Force Survey (2006-2011) and the retrospective labor mar...
Poverty and Turkish labor markets
Erdil, Erkan (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2007-12-1)
This study aims to determine the relations between poverty and the dynamics of Turkish labor market. In this context, two secondary aims are also targeted. First is to demonstrate the situation of the poor in Turkey with international comparisons by employing various socio-economic measures. Second, is to clarify the poverty problem in Turkey in the framework of Turkish labor markets and to offer some policy recommendations directed towards Turkish labor markets. The study finds out endogenous relations bet...
Women and Occupational Sex Segregation In Turkish Labor Market, 2004-2010
Gülen, Gülşah; Erdil, Erkan; Department of Economics (2012)
The effects of occupational sex segregation on wage differentials and poverty, and the factors behind the differentiation on occupational choices are analyzed in various studies. There are also recent studies analyzing Turkish case. However, there are limited attempts combining both segregation and occupational decision in Turkish labor market. This thesis wants to fill this gap and as well as contribute the literature of Turkish labor market and OSS, with analyzing the most current data of Household Labor ...
Citation Formats
B. İlhan, “Youth in the labor market and the transition from school to work in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.