Photocatalytic properties of silver loaded titanium dioxide powders produced by mechanical ball milling

Aysin, Başak
Silver (Ag) was loaded to three different kinds (P-25, NT-22, and TiO(OH)2) of titanium dioxide (TiO2) powders through adding three different quantities (4.6, 9.2, and 13.8 ml) of silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution by mechanical ball milling process. X-Ray diffraction analysis suggested that Ag was loaded on the TiO2 powders in the form of silver oxide (AgO). SEM, particle size, and BET surface area analyses revealed that TiO2 particles agglomerated after ball milling, resulting in the decrease of specific surface area of the TiO2 powders. Powders P-25, NT-22, and TiO(OH)2 degraded 94 %, 46 %, and 26 %, respectively of MO solution under 1 h UV irradiation. Increasing amount of Ag loading enhanced photocatalytic activity of TiO2 powders under UV irradiation. The best photocatalytic performance was achieved by 13.8 ml AgNO3 solution added NT-22 powders. Percent methyl orange (MO) degradation of 13.8 ml AgNO3 solution added P-25, NT-22, and TiO(OH)2 powders under 1 h UV irradiation was 85 %, 96 %, and 67 %, respectively. Contact angle measurements revealed that hydrophilic properties of TiO2 powders were also improved by Ag loading. Moreover, TiO2 powders gained antibacterial prospect after Ag addition. Ag loaded TiO2 powders could be used effectively for the applications requiring better photocatalytic activity and antibacterial effect.


Preparation of boron-zirconium co-doped photocatalytic titanium dioxide powder
Tokmakçı, Tolga; Öztürk, Abdullah; Jongee, Park; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2013)
A titanium dioxide powder co-doped with boron and zirconium was prepared by mechanical ball milling. Photocatalytic performance of the powder was evaluated by degradation of methylene blue (MB) solution under UV illumination. XRD patterns were refined by Rietveld analysis method to obtain accurate lattice parameters and position of the atoms in the crystal structure of TiO2. XRD analysis indicated that the B and/or Zr doped TiO2 powders composed of anatase and did not exhibit any additional phase. Rietveld ...
Microstructure effects on process outputs in micro scale milling of heat treated Ti6Al4V titanium alloys
Ahmadi, Masoud; Karpat, Yigit; ACAR, Ozgun; Kalay, Yunus Eren (2018-02-01)
This study investigates the influence of materials' microstructural characteristics, including grain size and phase fractions, in micro end milling of heat treated Ti6Al4V titanium alloys. Micro milling process conditions such as feed, depth of cut, and the cutting edge radius of the micro end mill are in the same order of magnitude as the grain size of the material, which gives rise to the anisotropic behavior of the multiphase materials and their deformation characteristics considering their grain size, g...
Dry grinding kinetics of binary mixtures of ceramic raw materials by Bond milling
Ipek, H; Ucbas, Y; Yekeler, M; Hoşten, Çetin (Elsevier BV, 2005-01-01)
The kinetics of batch dry grinding of binary mixtures of ceramic raw materials, namely quartz-kaolin, quartz-potassium feldspar and kaolin-potassium feldspar, from the feed sizes of -3.350 + 2.360, -2.000 + 1.400, -0.850 + 0.600, -0.500 + 0.355 and -0.300 + 0.212 mm have been determined using a Bond mill with a mixture of ball sizes of 38.10, 31.75, 25.40, 19.05 and 12.70 mm diameter and total mass of 22.648 kg. The Bond mill used was a size of 30.5 cm diameter, 30.5 cm length, with a total volume of 22,272...
Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric determination of gold by vapor formation and in situ trapping in graphite tubes
Ertaş, Gülay; Ataman, Osman Yavuz (2004-10-01)
Gold was determined in ore samples following generation, separation, collection on a graphite cuvette inner wall, and atomization of its volatile species formed by combining an acidified sample solution with an aqueous sodium tetrahydroborate solution at room temperature. A detection limit of 2.6 mug L-1 (3sigma) was obtained with a 5.0 mL sample volume. Precision of replicate measurements was typically 10% RSD. The overall efficiency of the volatile species generation, transport, and trapping process was 0...
Kinetic investigation of chemical vapor deposition of B4C on tungsten substrate
Karaman, Mustafa; Sezgi, Naime Aslı; Doğu, Timur; Ozbelge, H. Onder (2006-12-01)
Production of beta-rhombohedral boron carbide (B4C) on a tungsten substrate by the chemical vapor deposition from a BCl3-H-2-CH4 gas mixture was achieved. An impinging-jet reactor was used to minimize the mass-transfer limitations on the reaction kinetics, which made a detailed kinetic investigation possible. Results of the XRD and XPS analyses showed that the solid product formed on the substrate is a rhombohedral B4C phase. Both dichloroborane and boron carbide formation rates were found to increase with ...
Citation Formats
B. Aysin, “Photocatalytic properties of silver loaded titanium dioxide powders produced by mechanical ball milling,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.