A Critical evaluation of local poverty alleviation policies: the case of three provinces in Turkey

Önez Çetin, Zuhal
The world has witnessed a transformation process associated with the drastic changes in social, political and economic spheres under the constraints of neo-liberalism with opening up new challenges for humanity. At that context, as a global problem, poverty has been aggravating at the world-wide and now urban areas are more exposed to risks of poverty. In this regard, reforms of that restructuring process have centered on the requirement of local administrations at poverty struggle. The purpose of this study is to explore local policy initiatives of local administrations at combating urban poverty with also taking into consideration the central government practices. By the help of the GEKA provinces of Denizli, Aydın, and Muğla cases, urban poverty struggle has been examined in detail by a method covering survey application to the impoverished and the in-depth interview method with local and central government officials. At the study, it is seen that in each case study, local administrations have different institutional, political and social service based contingency variables. Local authorities of case provinces cannot produce systematic, standardized, equal and general poverty alleviation policies and services because of the inherent nature of local government tied to uneven development and contingent local variation. Thus, within the limitation of the study, urban poverty struggle have been searched in specific cases, but it is not possible to determine the results of the research to other cases in Turkey. Even though the research covers up few cases at the urban level, the results will be worthwhile and shed light on other future studies.


Contesting neoliberal urbanisation : contemporary urban movements in Istanbul, the case of Gülsuyu-Gülensu neighbourhoods
Özdemir, Esin; Eraydın, Ayda; Department of City and Regional Planning (2013)
The shift from Keynesian to neo-liberal economic policies marked the changes in the urban agenda and the nature of urban movements in the last three decades. The neo-liberal urbanisation reinforced outstanding transformations on the development of urban space, especially in metropolitan areas, including Istanbul. The urban transformation projects, as instruments of neoliberal urbanisation, result in serious changes in this metropolitan area and encounter resistances from groups of people in the city. The pu...
A Garden and atelier in common: practices of commoning in 100. Yıl neighborhood, Ankara
Koçak, Yağmur; Zırh, Besim Can; Department of Social Anthropology (2019)
This thesis aims to discuss the transformative and emancipatory possibilities of urban commons and practices of commoning in societies where people experience social, economic and political enclosures. Through an exploration of the common urban spaces as processes composed of ongoing practices and relationships of commoning, it explores the ways people compete with social, economic and political crises in their daily lives. For this purpose, it applies to a two-year-long practice of participant observation ...
A Reading urban transformation through the case of Mamak, Ankara
Somalı, Fatma Süphan; Ersoy, Melih; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2013)
The dissertation aims to understand and explain the different paces and patterns of spatial development in the Mamak district of Ankara, despite similar intervention backgrounds. It is suggested herein that understanding the characteristics of Mamak’s transformation requires more than the available theoretical tools, which are more suited to dynamic transformation processes, in that Mamak’s transformation has been rather slow. The conceptual framework developed in this study endeavors to incorporate the slo...
A Spatial impromptu: green resistance by guerrilla gardening
Ateş, Burcu; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2015)
The rise of industrial capitalism in 19th century brought pressures of mechanisation, privatisation and urbanisation, which triggered the fall of public life. Therefore, under such pressures, notion of public and, accordingly, perception over concept of publicness and public spaces have changed. Along with that change, ‘space’ has been commodified through being reduced into a physical entity, where merely technocrats are capable of producing it. Thus, individuals have been excluded from processes of product...
An Analysis of urban struggles in the process of practices of urban commoning: resistance on “uncommon ground”“in, for and beyond” İstanbul
Ergin, Nezihe Başak; Rittersberger Tılıç, Helga İda; Department of Sociology (2014)
The thesis aims to examine urban social oppositions, ways of resistance, their patterns and dynamics in Istanbul against urban transformation projects with the production of space having the central role and potentiality to generate these struggles. Through critical and radical urban and social opposition theories and related ideas of analysis, the study considers this as a process of “urban commoning –social- practices” for the “rights to the city”. The research covers the period which starts with the Euro...
Citation Formats
Z. Önez Çetin, “A Critical evaluation of local poverty alleviation policies: the case of three provinces in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.