Fate of nonylphenol compounds in aerobic batch reactors

Download
2012
Ömeroğlu, Seçil
Today, numerous studies indicate the presence of synthetic organics such as nonylphenol (NP) compounds in wastewater. NP compounds are a group of chemicals including nonylphenol, nonylphenol polyethoxylates (NPnEO) and nonylphenoxy polyethoxy acetic acids (NPnEC). Since NP compounds have significant industrial, commercial and domestic use, they enter environmental systems and reach human beings from various pathways. Their presence is of concern because they are toxic, carcinogenic and endocrine disrupting due to their ability to mimic oestrogen hormone. The information available on the degradation of NPnEOs, is such that degradation starts with the reduction of ethylene oxide units, resulting in the formation of nonylphenol, nonylphenol mono- or diethoxylate (NP1EO and NP2EO) and nonylphenoxy acetic acid (NP1EC). Although their fate during wastewater treatment was investigated in the past, not many research investigating their fate in sludge treatment can be found. Therefore, the objective of this study is first to come up with reliable extraction and measurement methods for NP compounds and then to investigate the fate of NP2EO in aerobic digesters. After the development of techniques for the extraction and measurement of NP compounds, aerobic reactors spiked with NP2EO were operated. The samples were analyzed for solids content, COD, pH and NP compounds. The results showed that NP2EO degrades rapidly under aerobic conditions. As time proceeded, NP1EC formation was observed with the degradation of NP2EO, and NP1EC became the dominant specie. The solids concentration measurements showed that concentration of NP compounds did not affect the efficiency of aerobic digesters.

Suggestions

Fate and degradation kinetics of nonylphenol compounds in aerobic batch digesters
Omeroglu, Seçil; Sanin, Faika Dilek (2014-11-01)
Nonylphenol (NP) compounds are toxic and persistent chemicals that are not fully degraded either in natural or engineered systems. Current knowledge indicates that these compounds concentrate in sewage sludge. Therefore, investigating the degradation patterns and types of metabolites formed during sludge treatment are important for land application of sewage sludge. Unfortunately, the information on the fate of nonylphenol compounds in sludge treatment is very limited. This study aims to investigate the bio...
Fate of nonyphenol componds in aerobic semi-continuous reactor
Ahmad., Muneer; Sanin, Faika Dilek; Department of Environmental Engineering (2012)
In the last few decades, numerous studies have been conducted on xenobiotic compounds due to their vast use in industries, households, etc. and consequently high exposure of these compounds. The main focus of this study is nonylphenol compounds such as nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP1EO), nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP2EO), nonylphenoxy acetic acid (NP1EC) and nonylphenol (NP), which are among the harmful xenobiotic compounds that can cause endocrine disruption, cancer and other health problems and which are u...
Regulation of crystal protein biosynthesis by Bacillus thuringiensis: II. Effects of carbon and nitrogen sources.
Içgen, Y; İçgen, Bülent; Özcengiz, Gülay (Elsevier BV, 2002-11-01)
The regulation of crystal protein production in Bacillus thuringiensis 81 by sources of carbon and nitrogen was investigated. The highest titers of toxin were obtained on sucrose, lactose and inulin which also supported sporulation. Whey and molasses were also potential carbon substrates for toxin production. Other carbohydrates including glucose, glycerol, maltose, starch and dextrin yielded lower amounts of toxin. Nitrogen sources were found to exert the most profound controls. Peptone was the best organi...
USE OF BORIC ACID AS A BINDER FOR BRIQUETTING SOME BORON MINE WASTES AND THEIR CALCINED PRODUCTS
ŞENER, SAVAŞ; ÖZBAYOĞLU, GÜLHAN; Ozdemir, Zeynep (2010-01-01)
In this study, boric acid as a binder for briquetting some boron mine wastes, such as colemanite and ulexite fines and calcined products, which do not meet the market specifications with respect to particle size, were investigated. Effects of water and binder contents, applied pressure, and curing and drying conditions on the briquette quality were evaluated in terms of mechanical strength, water-proofing characteristics and wearing resistance. The best briquettes were obtained at 62.4 MPa pressure (cured a...
Source Apportionment of Personal Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Volatile Organic Compounds using Positive Matrix Factorization
PEKEY, HAKAN; PEKEY, BEYHAN; ARSLANBAŞ, DEMET; BOZKURT, ZEHRA; DOĞAN, GÜRAY; Tuncel, Süleyman Gürdal (2013-01-01)
The objective of this study was to identify potential sources of personal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), NO2, SO2, and O-3 in an urban and industrial area of Turkey between May 2006 and January 2007. Personal exposures were determined once per person in 28 adults over a 24-h period. Energy dispersive Xray fluorescence and a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry were used to measure 15 elements in PM2.5, including Al, As, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mn,...
Citation Formats
S. Ömeroğlu, “Fate of nonylphenol compounds in aerobic batch reactors,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.