Hydrothermally grown zinc oxide nanowires and their utilization in light emitting diodes and photodetectors

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2012
Ateş, Elif Selen
Zinc oxide, with its direct wide bandgap and high exciton binding energy, is a promising material for optoelectronic devices. Quantum confinement effect and high surface to volume ratio of the nanowires imparts unique properties to them and makes them appealing for researchers. So far, zinc oxide nanowires have been used to fabricate various optoelectronic devices such as light emitting diodes, solar cells, sensors and photodetectors. To fabricate those optoelectronic devices, many different synthesis methods such as metal organic chemical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, pulsed laser deposition, electrodeposition and hydrothermal method have been explored. Among them, hydrothermal method is the most feasible one in terms of simplicity and low cost. In this thesis, hydrothermal method was chosen to synthesize zinc oxide nanowires. Synthesized zinc oxide nanowires were then used as electrically active components in light emitting diodes and ultraviolet photodetectors. Hybrid light emitting diodes, composed of inorganic/organic hybrids are appealing due to their flexibility, lightweight nature and low cost production methods. Beside the zinc oxide nanowires, complementary poly [2- methoxy -5- (2- ethylhexyloxy) - 1,4 -phenylenevinylene] MEH-PPV and poly (9,9-di-n-octylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl) (PFO) hole conducting polymers were used to fabricate hybrid light emitting diodes in this work. Optoelectronic properties of the fabricated light emitting diodes were investigated. Zinc oxide emits light within a wide range in the visible region due to its near band edge and deep level emissions. Utilizing this property, violet-white light emitting diodes were fabricated and characterized. Moreover, to take advantage over the responsivity of zinc oxide to ultraviolet light, ultraviolet photodetectors utilizing hydrothermally grown zinc oxide nanowires were fabricated. Single walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) thin films were used as transparent electrodes for the photodetectors. Optoelectronic properties of the transparent and flexible devices were investigated. A high on-off current ratio around 260000 and low decay time about 16 seconds were obtained. Results obtained in this thesis reveal the great potential of the use of solution grown zinc oxide nanowires in various optoelectronic devices that are flexible and transparent.
Citation Formats
E. S. Ateş, “Hydrothermally grown zinc oxide nanowires and their utilization in light emitting diodes and photodetectors,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.