Local scour characteristics around semi-circular end bridge abutments with and without collars

Tekin, Fatime
The major damage to bridges occurs due to scour of the bed materials around piers and abutments during severe floods. This study involves the experimental investigations of the various scour patterns forming around abutment models tested with and without collars as scour countermeasures. The experiments were conducted in a rectangular channel under clear-water scour conditions. In the first part of this study, 34 experiments were conducted with semi-circular end abutment models with and without a collar for a period of 3 hours. Collars of various sizes were placed at different elevations on the abutment models, and the scour reduction efficiencies of collars were investigated for the different flow depths. Based on the results of the experimental studies, the optimum locations of collars on the abutments, which result in minimum scour depth around the abutments, are obtained at the bed level and below the bed level depending on the flow intensity values. In the second part of this study, the effects of flow depth and abutment length on the temporal development of local scour at bridge abutments were studied. 20 experiments were performed without collars for a time period of 8 hours. It was observed that at the upstream of the abutment, the depth of the local scour increases rapidly within the first three hours of the experiment for the different flow depths.
Citation Formats
F. Tekin, “Local scour characteristics around semi-circular end bridge abutments with and without collars,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.