Cognitive analysis of experts' and novices' concept mapping processes

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2012
Doğusoy, Berrin
In this study, Concept map (CM) development processes of the experts and novices were explored. This studyaimed to investigate the similarities and differences among novices and experts’ CM development process regarding their cognitive processes. Two experiments were designed; eye-tracking, written and verbal data were collected from 29 pre-service teachers and 6 subject matter experts.Data were analyzed by using qualitative and quantitative data analysis methods. The results indicated that eventhough some of the strategies were similar, there were different patterns followed by the experts and novices during the CM development process. Both experts and novices embraced ‘deductive reasoning’, and preferred ‘hierarchical’ type of CMs. The other patterns recognized during the process were‘filling information in an order’, ‘branch construction pattern’,‘content richness’ and ‘progress pattern’. Novices and experts were distinguished in their content richness measures which used to determine the quality of the maps. Regarding the progress pattern, novices and experts differed in terms of the frequency and duration for specific acts invarious phases of their progress in CM development process. Furthermore, expert participants differed from novices in their fixation count numbers, fixation durations, visit duration periods for specific actions. Fixation count numbers of the novices were higher than the experts during the entire process and in specific dimensions of the CM development process. As a conclusion, these pattern differences affect the CM development process directly and the instructors need to give emphasis to these critical points while using CM during the instruction, and with the help of these pattern differences, instructors could guide the learner effectively and acquire content rich CMs.

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Citation Formats
B. Doğusoy, “Cognitive analysis of experts’ and novices’ concept mapping processes,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.