Hydrogen generation of conventional fuels over mesoporous mixed oxide catalysts under time interrrupted reaction conditions

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2012
Can, Mukaddes
In this study, catalytic activity of the Co and/or Pb-SBA-15 mesoporous catalysts in methane partial oxidation reaction was investigated. By using sol-gel, incipient wetness impregnation and post grafting method, SBA-15 samples are incorporated with Co and/or Pb at different weight loadings to provide a controlled geometry in nanometer scale. The characterization of the synthesized samples was done by XRD, N2 adsorption isotherms, FTIR, TEM images, Raman and XPS analysis. In the present study also, gas phase methane partial oxidation modeling and the synthesizing of mesoporous SBA-15 silica with different pore sizes were investigated. For the samples prepared by sol-gel method, XRD analysis showedthat cobalt exists in the form of Co3O4and Pb exist in the form of PbO. BET surface areas of the Co loaded catalysts are in the range of 479.5-640.1 m2/g. However, in Pb loaded samples, higher metal loading decrease the surface area up to 4.63 m2/g. Considering the both Co and Pb containing bi-metallic samples, TEM and BET results revealed that the ordered hexagonal mesostructure was fully destroyed. The samples prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and post grafting method characterized by using BET, TEM, Raman and XPS analysis. According to the BET results all the samples show ordered mesostructure in agreement with TEM results for all Co and/or SBA-15 mesoporous samples. TEM results also revealed that, the Co(5%) Pb(5%)-SBA-15 catalyst prepared by incipient wetness impregnation method possess big cobalt and lead oxide crystallines on the mesoporous structure. Raman analysis results indicated that cobalt exist in Co3O4 form. According to XPS results all samples containing cobalt include Co3O4. The partial oxidation of methane was carried out in a fixed bed flow-type reactor in a temperature range of 50–850°C under atmospheric pressure.According to the reaction test results, the 0.5%Rh-Co-SBA15 catalyst shows the highest methane conversion (82%) and H2 selectivity. The non-precious metal show lower reactivities, addition of Pb to the Co-SBA-15 catalyst increases the catalytic activity and decrease the H2 production temperature.

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Citation Formats
M. Can, “Hydrogen generation of conventional fuels over mesoporous mixed oxide catalysts under time interrrupted reaction conditions,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.