Early heat evolution in natural pozzolan - incorporated cement hydration

Över, Derya
Portland cement hydration is an exothermic process. The heat evolved during the hydration process is especially important in mass concrete, and hot and cold weather concreting. Heat of hydration is affected by several factors like chemical composition of cement, fineness of cement and ambient temperature. The major aim of this thesis is to investigate the effect of cement composition and fineness, amount and composition of the fine portion (<45 µm) of natural pozzolan-incorporated cement on hydration heat. For this purpose, a portland cement and pozzolan-incorporated blended cements containing different amounts of natural pozzolan (trass) were used. The heat of hydration was measured using isothermal calorimetry. The values of heat of hydration for mixtures with different finenesses containing different amounts of added pozzolan were determined. The results obtained were used to find a correlation between the fineness, composition of cement and heat of hydration. According to this study, pozzolan incorporation in small amounts accelerates hydration. A similar effect was obtained for higher pozzolan amounts. Finer cements react faster and result in higher amounts of early heat evolved compared to coarser cements. In addition, it was found that the sum of the heat of hydration values of fine and coarse portion of cements was less than the total heat of hydration of blended cements. Moreover, a satisfactory correlation could not be established between results of isothermal calorimetry, and adiabatic calorimetry, setting time, and strength
Citation Formats
D. Över, “Early heat evolution in natural pozzolan - incorporated cement hydration,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.