Metabological engineering of Pichia Pastoris for extracellular thermostable glucose isomerase production

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2012
Ata, Özge
The aim of this study is to develop a metabolically engineered P. pastoris strain for production of an active extracellular thermostable glucose isomerase (GI) enzyme by using genetic engineering techniques. For this purpose, research program was performed in two sub-programs. In the first sub-program, xylA gene from Thermus thermophilus was amplified and inserted into pPICZα-A expression vector. Thereafter, this pPICZα-A::xylA vector was cloned into AOX1 locus in P. pastoris genome and expressed under alcohol oxidase promoter which is induced by methanol. After constructing the recombinant P. pastoris strains, the best producing strain was selected according to the specific enzyme activity assay and SDS-PAGE analyses in batch shaker-bioreactor experiments. The selected recombinant P. pastoris clone carrying xylA gene in its genome was named as eP20. Using recombinant P. pastoris eP20 clone, effects of salt and sorbitol concentration on the cell growth and recombinant GI activity were investigated. The data obtained from the experiments showed that the maximum cell and GI activity values were obtained in production medium that contained 30 g L-1 sorbitol, 4.35 g L-1 ammonium sulphate, 0.1 M potassium phosphate buffer (pH 6.0), 14.9 g L-1 MgSO4•7H2O, 1.17 g L-1 CaSO4 •2H2O, 1 ml L-1 chloramphenicol and 4.35 ml L-1 PTM1; where, the maximum biomass and recombinant GI activity were calculated , respectively, as 6.3 g L-1 and 3.21 U L-1. Moreover, the research program related with the effect of initial sorbitol concentration shows that optimum initial sorbitol concentration, CS0 is 50 g L-1 that resulted a cell concentration and recombinant GI activity which are 7.32 g L-1 and 3.6 U L-1, respectively. In the second part of the M.Sc. of the study, a pilot scale bioreactor experiment in a working volume of 1 L was performed in controlled bioreactor system. The variations in the cell growth, recombinant GI activity, AOX activity, total protease activity and organic acid concentrations throughout the fermentation were analyzed whereas the specific growth rates, yield coefficients and specific consumption rates were also calculated. The results showed that a pH and oxygen controlled operation enabled an important increase in recombinant GI activity. In this context, recombinant GI activity was increased as 56.1-fold and resulted in 202.8 U L-1 at t=12 whereas the maximum biomass concentration was obtained as 85.2 g L-1 at t=36. In this study, an active thermostable recombinant GI enzyme was produced extracellularly by a yeast cell, i.e. recombinant P. pastoris, for the first time.

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Citation Formats
Ö. Ata, “Metabological engineering of Pichia Pastoris for extracellular thermostable glucose isomerase production,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.