Neoliberal transformation in China in the 1980s and the 1990s

Altun, Sırma
This thesis discusses one of the primary questions of the debates on China, the question of the nature of Chinese transformation. It is suggested in this thesis that to fully grasp the transformation of China, we need to contextualize it within global neoliberal transformations since the 1980s. It is also argued that even if the transformation in China has been heavily influenced by global tendencies, we still have to recognize peculiar characteristics of Chinese transformation. Thus, the thesis aims to contribute to the scholarly discussions on the nature of Chinese transformation especially by way of critically engaging with ‘Beijing Consensus’, a notion that is relatively new and opens to the scientific debates. In the thesis, a decade-based analysis of the transformation in China is provided. In this regard, this thesis identifies the period between Deng’s coming to power in 1978 and his Southern Tour in 1992 as the period of ‘launching of the reforms’. It is argued that the reforms introduced in the 1980s are of vital importance in terms of abandoning the legacies of Maoist period and the construction of the institutions of a capitalist market economy in China. On the other hand, the 1990s period that ends with the change of leadership from Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao in 2002 is characterized as the period of ‘consolidation of the reforms’. It is assumed that the reform drive in the 1990s has a pivotal role for the consolidation of the current configuration of state, labour, capital relations in China.


The Role of intellectuals in policy-making in the post-Mao China :The Role of intellectuals in policy-making in the post-Mao China : case of the Labor Contract Lawl [Electronic Resource] / Veysel Tekdal, Supervisor : Assist. Prof. Dr. Ceren Ergenç.
Tekdal, Veysel; Ergenç, Ceren; Department of International Relations (2013)
This research aims to examine the role of Chinese intellectuals in policymaking through the case of Labor Contract Law. Chinese intellectuals have played an important role in shaping of the post-Mao China. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leadership have always benefited from their expertise in formulation and development of the reform policies. Also, the fact that the CCP still need intellectuals’ support for ideological justification for its policies contributes to importance of intellectuals. In additio...
The transformation of the Chinese state and its role in the economy during the reform period: the sustaining state ownership /
Ataçay, Meryem Nergis; Topal Yılmaz, Aylin; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2014)
China’s reform period which began in the late 1970s has been attractive both for the developing countries in the sense of taking the Chinese economic development as a model and the developed countries because of the new strategic position China has gained in the global power relations as a consequence of its economic growth, while the academic interest has also been rising. Focusing on the Chinese state as one of the most important actors of the reform process, without treating it as controlling and shaping...
China in Africa: the rise of hegemonic power in the capitalist world-system?
Adams, Mohammed Sanus; Tayfur, Mehmet Aftih.; Department of International Relations (2019)
China’s rise as a dominant player in the capitalist world-economy is probably the most significant development of the 21st century so far. After a wave of reforms spanning more than a period of two decades, China is now the second largest economy in the world, behind the United States. Its economic renaissance has formed the basis of its new engagement with the rest of the world. Its resurgence in East Asia and beyond has positioned the East Asian nation as the heir apparent to the declining United States h...
Neoliberal Transformation of the State through the Establishment of Independent Regulatory Agencies : The Case of "Tobacco and Alcohol Market Regulatory Authority" in Turkey
Şafak - Çubukçu, Öykü; Yalman, Osman Galip; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2012)
Based upon critical political economy and Marxist theory of the state, this thesis attempts to understand the neoliberal form of the capitalist state in Turkey. While doing this, it puts the establishment of independent regulatory agencies (IRAs) into the framework of the claim of de-politicization and redefined form of the separation of the political and the economic under neoliberalism. It argues that neoliberalism solved its crisis and settled through each financial crisis, as a result of which the state...
China's Foreign Policy Towards Post-Soviet Russia and Central Asia: A Neoclassical Realist Analysis
Piri, Burak; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of Eurasian Studies (2023-2)
This thesis aims to examine China’s foreign policy towards Russia and Central Asia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. It is argued that China’s foreign policy towards this region is best explained with neoclassical realism. Because neoclassical realism focuses both on system and unit level factors, this thesis will first frame the systemic and domestic drivers of China’s foreign policy towards Russia and Central Asia. Some key points are the China’s position against the United States US, and its desire...
Citation Formats
S. Altun, “Neoliberal transformation in China in the 1980s and the 1990s,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.