The transformation of the Chinese state and its role in the economy during the reform period: the sustaining state ownership /

Ataçay, Meryem Nergis
China’s reform period which began in the late 1970s has been attractive both for the developing countries in the sense of taking the Chinese economic development as a model and the developed countries because of the new strategic position China has gained in the global power relations as a consequence of its economic growth, while the academic interest has also been rising. Focusing on the Chinese state as one of the most important actors of the reform process, without treating it as controlling and shaping all the other actors and the whole reform process, is one of the appropriate ways of having an understanding of China’s reform experience. This focus makes concentrating on the theories of state literature compulsory in order to present the discussions on what state is. With the intention of indicating the transformation of the role of the Chinese state in the economy since the beginning of the reform period, the overview of the state-owned enterprise reform and specifically the policies of the Chinese state in the two strategic sectors of information technology and mining since the end of the 1990s provide an explanation of the sustaining state ownership in the Chinese industry after three decades of the reform period and its relation with the transformation of the Chinese state.