Synthesis, functionalization and characterization of gold nanoparticles

Sholanbayeva, Zhanar
Metallic nanoparticles (NPs) with various elemental composition, size, shape and physical or chemical properties has become active field of research. Among all the metal NPs noble metal ones are receiving much attention due to their special optical properties which make them useful for different applications. Noble metal NPs have bright colors resulting from strong surface plasmon resonance absorption usually in the visible region. The colors are size and shape dependent and provide the tuning of optical properties. The optical properties of NPs are also strongly depending on the nature of the NPs surface which plays a crucial role on chemical sensing. Therefore, surface modification of NPs has become increasingly important. In this study, gold NPs were prepared in aqueous phase by seed-mediated growth method. To enhance the optical properties, surface functionalization was performed by coating NPs with silver. The coating process was achieved by chemical reduction of silver ions on NPs surface. Thickness of silver layer on the NPs were attempted to be controlled by the amount of silver salt added into NPs solution. Coating process of different types of gold NPs (rod, octahedral, star) was done by the same procedure. Moreover, this attempt yielded control over silver layer thickness on sphere, rod and octahedral shaped gold NPs, but not on branched NPs. The structure, composition and spectroscopic properties of Au-Ag core shell NPs were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, Field Emission Transmission Electron Microscope (FE-TEM) and Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) studies, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The analysis showed that all NPs studied were successfully coated with silver and promising for further explorations in sensing and imaging applications.
Citation Formats
Z. Sholanbayeva, “Synthesis, functionalization and characterization of gold nanoparticles,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.