Perspective for the Reproduction of Architectural Space: ARCH524 as a Pretext

Kapusuz, Bilge Beril
Discovery of the linear perspective of the Renaissance is momentous in terms of the appearance of a new “way of seeing” that is central to the “subject” and emergence of a “subjective” “way of representing” the world. With the assumption that “perspective” is a cultural constituent of the “Renaissance paradigm” that generates the representational notions of art and architecture, perspective is considered as a “convention” and a “mode of representation” that has been influential until the “paradigm shifts” in the nineteenth and twentieth century. With the influx of the modernist avant-gardes, “subjective” linear perspective is replaced with the “instruments” of the new paradigm, and “parallel projection” becomes the mere tool for the representation and production of art and architecture introducing a new “objective” structure. The aim of this study is to reawaken and reconsider perspective through the “conventions” and the “aberrations” it reproduces. In this context, the course in the curriculum of METU Department of Architecture entitled Arch524 Architecture and Different Modes of Representation is covered as a “pretext” for this study. The theoretical framework and the structure of the course has a great impact on this study, since the course reconsider Renaissance perspective and its architectural production in a new context; within the modern architectural space of METU Faculty of Architecture Building. Following the traces of the selective works from the final exhibitions of the course, creating “illusionistic spaces,” and recalling the subject “participation,” it is questioned how perspective is “exhibited” and how the architectural space is reproduced.