Architectural permeability: stylistic encounter in the architecture of the Makli Necoropolis

Junejo, Rabela
The aim of the study is to focus on the site of Makli Necropolis from fourteenth to sixteenth century and make study into the permeability of the funerary architecture of Samma Period. For the stated purpose the monuments of Samma period are described with special focus on Tomb of Jam Nizam al Din the most glorious of the Samma rulers and having the most elaborate structure in the Samma Cluster.Makli, one of the largest necropolises in the world is believed to be the burial ground of some 125,000 Sufi saints, located on the outskirts of Thatta, the capital of lower Sindh, until the eighteenth century. It is a hill like outcrop of a rock formation from the Kirthar system around which are the agricultural plains. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981 under the name, Historical Monuments of Thatta.Samma were local rulers with their capital based in Thatta. The study concentrates on the time period in the history of Sindh when the Samma ruled i.e. from 14th to 16th century. It investigates and analyzes the encounter between the central Asian/Iranian architecture and Indian architecture of Gujarat with the monuments at Makli. The study will also remarks on some symbolic elements attached to the funerary architecture of the Islamic world and its application on the Samma tombs especially on the tomb of Jam Nizam al-Din.
Citation Formats
R. Junejo, “Architectural permeability: stylistic encounter in the architecture of the Makli Necoropolis,” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2012.