Seismic isolation of foundations by composite liners

Kalpakçı, Volkan
In this research, the dynamic behavior of a seismic isolation system composed of high strength geotextile placed over an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) geomembrane (together called as composite liner) beneath the structure is investigated experimentally. The results of the shaking table experiments which were performed on model structures both under harmonic and modified earthquake motions with and without the seismic isolation (composite liner system), are presented in the thesis. The main focus is given on the potential improvement obtained by use of the composite liner system as compared to the unisolated cases. Based on the performed experiments, it is observed that the utilization of composite liner system provides significant reduction in the accelerations and interstorey drift ratios of structures under harmonic motions while signifant drop is obtained in the spectral accelerations under earthquake motions which provide noticeable improvement in the durability of structures under dynamic effects at the expense of increased translational displacements.


Analytical prediction of thermal displacement capacity of integral bridges built on sand
Dicleli, Murat (SAGE Publications, 2005-02-01)
In this research, analytical equations are developed to calculate the lateral displacement capacity and maximum length limits of integral bridges built on sand based on the low-cycle fatigue performance of the piles under cyclic thermal variations and the ultimate strength of the abutment under positive thermal variations. To formulate the displacement capacity and maximum length limits of integral bridges based on the low cycle fatigue performance of steel H-piles under cyclic thermal variations, first, H-...
Seismic design of lifeline bridge using hybrid seismic isolation
Dicleli, Murat (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2002-03-01)
This paper presents the merits of a hybrid seismic isolation system used for the seismic design of a major bridge. The bridge is analyzed for two different arrangements of seismic isolation systems. The first arrangement consists of friction pendulum bearings at all substructure locations; the other incorporates a hybrid system where laminated elastomeric bearings are used at the abutments and friction pendulum bearings at the piers. Analysis results have demonstrated that the hybrid seismic isolation syste...
Lateral stiffness of steel plate shear wall systems
Topkaya, Cem (Elsevier BV, 2009-08-01)
The accuracy of the finite element method and strip method of analysis for calculating the lateral stiffness of steel plate shear wall (SPSW) systems is assessed by making comparisons with experimental findings. Comparisons revealed that while both methods provide acceptable accuracy, they also require the generation of sophisticated computer models. In this paper, two alternative methods are developed. The first one is an approximate hand method based on the deep beam theory. The classical deep beam theory...
Isotropic-Kinematic Cyclic Hardening Characteristics of Plate Steels
Shakeri, Ashkan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2017-03-01)
Cyclic hardening of metals is considered as one of the most important features that affects extremely the hysteresis behavior of steel structures. One approach to study this characteristic is dividing it into two components, including isotropic hardening and kinematic hardening, and defining any of these components for any type of metals by calibrated data obtained from experiments. However, the lack of these calibrated data on metals, restricts this approach. Therefore, in this paper the isotropic and kine...
Seismic behaviour of roller compacted concrete dams under different base treatments
Gharibdoust, Ali; ALDEMİR, ALPER; Binici, Barış (Informa UK Limited, 2019-09-09)
The effect of base roughness on the seismic behaviour of roller compacted concrete gravity dams were investigated by pseudo-dynamically testing two 1/75 scaled specimens with smooth and rough base treatments. Both specimens were tested under the effect of three different hazard level earthquakes and also a pushover experiment was conducted to obtain the capacity curve of each specimen. The smooth base specimen exhibited significant sliding under the effect of the maximum credible earthquake motion. In contr...
Citation Formats
V. Kalpakçı, “Seismic isolation of foundations by composite liners,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2013.