Modernism and the peasantry : the case of Turkey

Çaya, Sinan
The Turkish Republican Revolution followed the National Struggle for the independence of the remaining Turkish-Moslem sections of the former Ottoman State. The radical nature and the sudden occurrence of the following revolution caused the periphery of the country to accept all novelties only with reluctance and resistance. Indeed, the Turkish peasant does possess some collective traits, which are possible to distinguish him from town and city and even town dwellers. Turkey has been considered an agrarian state until recent times, on one hand. But on the other hand the country with her young population and under new influences is undergoing fast transformations in the direction of urbanization. The roots embedded in traditions; in any case; continue to operate, sometimes openly and sometimes implicitly and come to surface whenever the occasion presents itself. The Peasant origins of the country must be grasped well if Turkey is to be understood properly in its entirety. At the end of this thesis work, the starting hunch foreseeing a considerable decrease in the levels of modernity between the contemporary rural and urban sections of Turkey in average, with respect to the early years of the republic, appears to have been confirmed.