From Hasan al-Banna to Mohammad Morsi : the political experience of muslim brotherhood in Egypt

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2013
Özdemir, Ahmet Yusuf
This thesis analyses the political and ideological transformation of the Society of Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt from its foundation in 1928 to 2012. In its very establishment, the movement was aiming the Islamization of the public. However, after its engagement with politics the movement experienced a shift in its ideology and in its stance towards number of concepts such as democracy, pluralism, women and minority rights. This study examines the transformation of Brotherhood’s attitude towards these issues by going through its official documents, electoral programs and public speeches. Secondly, despite the movement operated as an oppositional group, its political status shifted towards power in the span of two years. January 25 Revolution in 2011 that ousted Hosni Mubarak allowed Muslim Brotherhood to test its political experience by establishing its own political party, Freedom and Justice Party and fielding a Presidential candidate, Mohammad Morsi. The paper demonstrates the identity of the party and the performance of Mohammad Morsi during first six months of his presidency until the Constitutional Referendum in December 15, 2012.
Citation Formats
A. Y. Özdemir, “From Hasan al-Banna to Mohammad Morsi : the political experience of muslim brotherhood in Egypt,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.