Workplace discrimination against white collar lesbians and gays and their coping strategies : a case study from Ankara, Turkey

Öner, Aysun
This thesis explores workplace sexual orientation discrimination in Turkey. The discrimination and harassment experiences of white collar lesbian and gay individuals at the work place, the results of these negative experiences and how they cope with these are discussed in this thesis. In this thesis, I analyze the existing theoretical literature of sexual orientation discrimination and evaluate their relevance in a developing country, such as Turkey, where traditional and cultural beliefs and norms are still prevalent. The presence of sexual orientation discrimination put forth through interviews held with white collar lesbians and gays. Gays and lesbians, who experience discrimination at different levels and in different work environments, try to vitiate the effect of this treatment by using various strategies, such as hiding their sexual orientation by fabricating a lover or appearing to be asexual, quitting, ghettoization. On the contrary, they may choose to protect their self-integrity and reveal their sexual orientation, thereby becoming implicitly or explicitly out. Work place safety, self-integration and the degree of being in compliance with gender norms are the key determinants in the decisions of lesbians and gays regarding the strategies and there is fluidity between all strategies.


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The study explored the association among attitudes toward lesbians and gay men, system justification, social contact, political orientation, and gender in a Muslim heterosexual sample in Turkey. Participants (N = 377; Women = 276 Men = 101; MAge = 21.83, SDAge = 2.00) completed scales of Attitudes toward Gay Men (ATG) and Lesbians (ATL), system justification, and demographic information. Men had more negative scores on ATG and ATLthan women. Gay men were evaluated more negatively than lesbians by men. Havin...
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Prejudicial attitudes and discrimination toward gay men is a common social problem in Turkey as it is in many other countries. It is important to understand the reasons behind the prejudice against gay men in a sexist and Muslim country, Turkey. The purpose of the study was to predict attitudes toward gay men with ambivalent attitudes toward men (hostility toward men, and benevolence toward men), questioning religion, and gender differences. Three hundred seventy-two (91 male and 281 female) heterosexual Mu...
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Citation Formats
A. Öner, “ Workplace discrimination against white collar lesbians and gays and their coping strategies : a case study from Ankara, Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.